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Feature of the Week
The congressional budget resolution passed on Friday to fund the U.S. government through April 28, 2017 contains appropriations for U.S. security aid to the Middle East, Africa, Europe, and Eurasia, but not Latin America, through several programs. Below, please find some of the highlights:
  • Provides $290 million to the Iraq Train and Equip Fund to continue sustainment aid in support of the Kurdish Peshmerga;
  • Includes $200 million for Foreign Military Financing to help partner nations counter ISIL and Russian aggression; and,
  • Allocates $128 million in NADR funding for anti-terrorism and border security programs and clearance of unexploded ordnance in Iraq.
Security Assistance News Roundup
Last Thursday, the Senate passed the annual National Defense Authorization Act 92-7, approving a $619 billion budget for the Pentagon in 2017. The bill includes major reforms to security cooperation, including the creation of a new multi-purpose “train and equip” authority that removes several restrictions on security aid and requires human rights and institution building aid. The legislation also improves oversight and analysis of security cooperation and significantly increases security aid to Afghanistan and Ukraine. Take a look here for a full breakdown.
As Trump Vows to Stop Flow of Jobs Overseas, U.S. Plans to Make Fighter Jets in India
Last Thursday, U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter met with his Indian counterpart for the seventh time in what he says reflects the two nation's ongoing strategic partnership. Two weeks ago, the United States and India signed a $732 million deal to provide the Indian army with 145 M777 Howitzer guns. The Obama administration is also working on deal that would allow F-16 and F-18 fighter jets to be produced in India. Last week, Congress also recognized India as a Major Defense Partner in the National Defense Authorization Act for FY 2017
Nigeria Takes Delivery of Pakistani-made Super Mushshak Trainer Aircraft
Last week, the first of four out of 10 MFI-17 Super Mushshak aircraft arrived in Nigeria from Pakistan. Nigerian Air Marshal Sadique Abubakar also indicated that Nigeria is expecting more deliveries of military aircraft from both Pakistan and China. Back in September, Nigeria and Pakistan signed a memorandum of understanding covering Nigeria’s purchase of the joint Pakistani-Chinese JF-17 Thunder fighter, but there is no word yet on if or when they will be delivered. These purchases are a part of Nigeria’s latest efforts to ramp up the fight against Boko Haram. Western governments like the U.S., the U.K. and France have been reluctant to provide arms to Nigeria in the past, but support operations of the Nigerian Air Force through surveillance technology to improve targeting.  

Mexico’s War on Crime: A Decade of (Militarized) Failure
Last week marked the tenth anniversary of Mexico’s militarized campaign against its criminal organizations. Mexico’s Defense Secretary Gen. Salvador Cienfuegos criticized the policy, lamenting that the military's temporary law-enforcement has become more permanent as Mexico has failed to reconstruct its police forces. Since 2007, Mexico has spent at least $54bn on security and defense, and the U.S. has provided more than $2.5bn in security aid. However, security issues in Mexico persist. Over the past decade, 28,000 persons were reported as disappeared and close to 200,000 have been murdered. 

Turkey’s Constitutional Referendum to Take Place Early Next Year
In what many see as a shift towards a more autocratic form of government centered around President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, Turkey's ruling AK Party is set to hold a referendum some time between March and May next year on the expansion of the president's executive power. Following July's failed coup attempt, President Erdogan has been pursuing a relentless purge that has so far jailed or dismissed over 125,000 people. Last week, NATO's supreme allied commander in Europe said that the purges have also "degraded" NATO's command operations, referring to the fact that Ankara has either recalled or retired half of the 300 high-level Turkish officers serving in the organization.
Data Fact of the Week
The 2017 NDAA, which passed the Senate last Thursday, significantly increases aid for the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund, authorizing $4.26 billion– up from the $3.65 billion appropriated in FY2016. Since 2002, the United States has given Afghanistan over $75 billion in security aid– the majority of that, over $64 billion, has gone to the Afghanistan Security Forces Fund. 
Click Here To See Our Data on U.S. Security Assistance
From the U.S. Government
December 8, 2016
The estimated cost is $3.51 billion. 
December 8, 2016
The estimated cost is $108 million. 
The estimated cost is $81 million.
December 8, 2016
The estimated cost is $3.5 billion.
December 8, 2016
The estimated cost is $700 million.

White House Notification
Letter from the President -- Supplemental 6-month War Powers Letter
December 5, 2016

Presidential Determination Waiver -- Pursuant to Section 2249a of Title 10, United States Code, and Sections 40 and 40A of the Arms Export Control Act to Support U.S. Special Operations to Combat Terrorism in Syria
December 8, 2016

Proposed Legislation
Stop Arming Terrorists Act of 2016
December 8, 2016
This legislation, introduced by Rep. Tulsi Gabbard, would prohibit any Federal agency from using taxpayer dollars to provide weapons, cash, intelligence, or any support to al Qaeda, ISIS and other terrorist groups and would prohibit the government from funneling money and weapons through other countries who are directly or indirectly supporting terrorists.
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