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WEEKLY MONITOR 
 
             March 13, 2017
Feature of the Week
State Department Proposed Firearms Sales Surpass $600 Million
Security Assistance Monitor, March 12, 2017
The State Department requested Congress to approve over $662 million worth of commercial firearms sales to 36 countries in calendar years 2015 and 2016 combined, according to the latest research by Security Assistance Monitor. Several of the countries included in these proposed firearms sales, such as Bahrain, the Philippines, Mexico, and Saudi Arabia, have come under scrutiny for their potential or alleged misuse of U.S. weapons.
Security Assistance News & Research Roundup

News & Blog Posts
Savaging State and USAID Budgets Could Do Wonders for Results
Foreign Policy, March 9, 2017
This article offers some fundamental reforms that Tillerson should consider as Trump’s budget cuts force State and USAID to rethink how they might deliver more effective assistance with fewer resources.

Penny Wise, Pound Foolish: Trump’s Misguided Views of European Defense Spending
War on the Rocks, March 7, 2017
This blog post outlines six reasons why the NATO defense budget burden-sharing argument is not nearly as black and white as the White House has portrayed.

Trump Administration Looks to Resume Saudi Arms Sale Criticized as Endangering Civilians in Yemen
The Washington Post, March 9, 2017
The article states that the State Department’s recent approval of an arms sale to Saudi Arabia, previously halted by Obama, provides an early indication of the new administration’s more Saudi-friendly approach to the conflict in Yemen.

AFRICOM: Resource Constraints Add Risk for US Forces in Africa
Stars and Stripes, March 10, 2017
The article states that inadequate surveillance, poor supply chain networks and an inefficient personnel-rescue system are putting U.S. forces in Africa at increased risk.

Why the Global Arms Trade is Booming
The Economist, March 7, 2017
The article explains how global instability and a push from exporters has increased arms imports amongst smaller countries.  

Research & Analysis
Why Policing is Key for Africa’s Peace and Development
Institute for Security Studies, March 2017
This report discusses the challenges that remain in terms of emphasizing the role of the police in establishing rule of law and access to justice towards sustainable peace.

Brief Analysis of Fiscal Year 2017 Defense Appropriations Conference Report
The Center for Arms Control and Non-Proliferation, March 2017
This analysis provides a breakdown of the House Appropriations Committee's Fiscal Year 2017 Defense Appropriations conference report.

Foreign Assistance: Agencies Can Improve the Quality and Dissemination of Program Evaluations
Government Accountability Office, March 2017
The GAO reviewed major foreign aid evaluations, including DoD's Global Train and Equip Program, and identified opportunities for agencies to improve and manage aid funds more effectively.
Data Fact of the Week
Total Amount in U.S. Proposed Firearms Exports by Region 2015-2016
U.S. commercial firearms sales notifications to Latin America and the Caribbean accounted for over $351 million of the $662 million total in 2015 and 2016, making this region the largest potential recipient of any region. For a more detailed breakdown click here.
From the U.S. Government

Defense Department Notification
DoD/DSCA Posts SAMM and Policy Memoranda
March 7, 2017
This memorandum provides notification of a revision to Condition 2.2. of the Letter of Offer and Acceptance Standard Terms and Conditions to address a requirement of the DoS to reflect purchaser acknowledgment of its obligations under International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law.

White House Notification
Executive Order Protecting The Nation From Foreign Terrorist Entry Into The United States
March 6, 2017
Iraq has been removed from Trump’s new travel ban as "the close cooperative relationship between the United States and the democratically elected Iraqi government, the strong United States diplomatic presence in Iraq, the significant presence of United States forces in Iraq, and Iraq's commitment to combat ISIS justify different treatment for Iraq."

Congressional Notification
H.R.1473 - To prohibit the deployment of members of the Armed Forces to Syria for purposes of engaging in ground combat operations, and for other purposes.
March 9, 2017
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