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WEEKLY MONITOR 
 
             April 3, 2017
Feature of the Week
Building Partner Capacity: Inventory of Department of Defense Security Cooperation and Department of State Security Assistance Efforts
U.S. Government Accountability Office
Since 9/11, the Departments of Defense and State have worked to build the capacity of foreign partners to address security threats—for example, by training and equipping foreign security forces. However, the rapid increase in these efforts has led to questions about whether these agencies are adequately coordinating (and not duplicating) efforts. This report provides a fiscal year 2016 inventory of DoD security cooperation and State security assistance efforts that may be used by the U.S. government to build foreign partners’ capacity to address security-related threats. See Data Fact below for a quick breakdown.
SAM in the News
Eurasianet.org, March 28, 2017
The author utilizes SAM’s data in an article discussing the increase in special forces training in Central Asia for counternarcotics and transnational organized-crime missions over the last two years.
Security Assistance News & Research Roundup

News & Blog Posts
Rex Tillerson to Lift Human Rights Conditions on Arms Sale to Bahrain
The New York Times, March 29, 2017
This article states that Secretary of State Tillerson decided to lift all human rights conditions, previously imposed by Obama, on a major sale of F-16 fighter jets and other arms to Bahrain in an effort to end a rift between the United States and a critical Middle East ally.

Trump Administration Weighs Deeper Involvement in Yemen War
The Washington Post, March 26, 2016
This article discusses how Defense Secretary Mattis request to lift Obama-era restrictions on U.S. military support for Persian Gulf states engaged in a protracted civil war in Yemen would mark a significant U.S. policy shift.

Afghan Generals Face Charges in Crackdown on Military Corruption
The Washington Post, March 29, 2017
This article reveals that 1,394 army personnel, including several generals, have been fired in connection with corruption charges in the past year according to Afghan defense officials.

Pentagon Gets OK for More Aggressive Airstrikes in Somalia
Military Times, March 30, 2017
This article states that Trump approved a decision to allow U.S. special operations forces to accompany Somali National Army troops and other African allies, enabling them to call in offensive airstrikes quicker. 

Trump May Actually Win the War Against Islamic State
The Los Angeles Times, March 29, 2017
This op-ed argues that Trump could defeat ISIS in Iraq and Syria if his administration prioritizes stabilization efforts that include the State Department and foreign aid agencies, both of which he has threatened with budget cuts. 

Trump Wants to Cut U.N. Funding — but Peacekeeping Saves Money, as Well as Lives
The Washington Post, March 31, 2017
This article offers three key points from political science research on the benefits of U.N. peacekeeping for the United States.

Research & Analysis
Protecting Civilians in African Union Peace Support Operations: Key Cases and Lessons Learned
African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes, March 29, 2017
This book provides an analysis of both the theory and practice of the African Union’s attempts to protect civilian populations through its peace operations.

The Threat of US Cuts: Helping Peacekeeping Help Itself?
International Peace Institute, March 30, 2017
This analysis states that the threat of U.S. budget cuts allows the UN to propose changes on its own terms that will decrease its peacekeeping budget by ceasing to use peacekeeping as a substitute for political solutions.

Iraq: Civilians killed by airstrikes in their homes after they were told not to flee Mosul
Amnesty International, March 28, 2017
This report states that a spike in civilian casualties from both US-led coalition airstrikes and ground fighting between the Iraqi military and IS fighters in recent months has raised serious questions about the lawfulness of these attacks.

The Mérida Initiative and Shared Responsibility in U.S.-Mexico Security Relations
The Wilson Quarterly, March 2017
This report looks at the bilateral security relationship in its most recent historical context and how it has evolved in order to identify a number of options for building on and improving this relationship.
Data Fact of the Week 

A recent inventory by the U.S. Government Accountability Office determined that there were 194 Defense (DoD) and State Department (State) security cooperation and assistance efforts in 2016. DoD had 56 efforts that did not require State involvement and 87 efforts that did. State had 22 efforts that did not require DoD involvement and 30 efforts that did.

From the U.S. Government

Defense Department Notifications
Note on End Use for All Foreign Military Sales Letters of Offer and Acceptance for Iraq 
March, 2017
This note stipulates that the Purchaser agrees that the defense articles, components and associated support materiel will not be transferred to or controlled by any Foreign Terrorist Organization as designated by the U.S. Secretary of State, and that they shall remain in the possession, under the operational control of, and be used only by officers or employees of the designated Ministry unless the written consent of the USG has first been obtained.

Congressional Notifications
H.R.1785 - To require a comprehensive regional strategy to destroy the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham and its affiliates, and for other purposes
March 30, 2017

S.Res.102 - A resolution reaffirming the strategic partnership between the United States and Mexico, and recognizing bilateral cooperation that advances the national security and national interests of both countries
March 29, 2017

White House Notification
Background Press Briefing on the Upcoming Visits of President al-Sisi of Egypt and His Majesty King Abdullah II of Jordan
March 31, 2017
This briefing reaffirmed the close partnerships of Egypt and Jordan with the U.S., stated that Trump supports al-Sisi’s ambition to develop a comprehensive counterterrorism approach, and confirmed that Jordan shares the priority of defeating ISIS.
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