Over 150 years of minimising harm by maximising prevention

The Fence or the Ambulance

Alcohol Adverts Appeal to Minors – The Marketing to Children Continues under ‘self-regulation’

A new study published in the journal Alcohol & Alcoholism has found alcohol adverts commonly appeal to minors.
Half of 11 to 17-year-olds surveyed reacted positively to the adverts featuring Fosters and Smirnoff brands (53% and 52% respectively), and a third reacted positively to an advert featuring the Haig Club brand (34%). Among adolescents who had never consumed alcohol, associations were seen between positive reactions to the adverts and susceptibility to initiate alcohol use in the next year.
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Facebook are a big part of the problem… Facebook Exposed: Harvesting Data of Minors For Big Alcohol Targeting
Inhalants – not always what you think:
The Truth About ‘Poppers’

Alcohol Consumption & Mental Health (Research NZ)

Young People: Late adolescence/early adulthood is a time when diagnosable mental distress often starts, and young people experiment with substances. This is typically a transition period with a lot  of change
Co-existence of alcohol misuse and mental distress can be as high as 53% among those attending youth-specific alcohol and other drug services 54%. It is estimated that eliminating alcohol misuse could mean rates of mental distress decrease by up to 15% among young New Zealanders
Alcohol affects brain function, and for young people, high levels of consumption occur at a time when the brain is still developing. This means that adolescent brains are more vulnerable to the effects of alcohol, with impacts on decision-making abilities, personality, and regulation of feelings. The evidence is growing in this space, illustrating that alcohol has impact on not only functioning but brain structure.
Why our fastest growing drinks category is now non-alcoholic wine

For a nation founded on alcohol, with rum as its very first currency, it’s a shock to hear that Australia’s fastest growing drinks category is now non-alcoholic wine.
Worth last year more than $4.5 million, the category is becoming so popular and expanding so rapidly, at an annual rate of 800 per cent, its value could be as big as $15 million by the end of 2021, according to global data company IRI.
 Research has found three out of 10 consumers aged 18-34 choose no or low-alcohol wine because they are on a diet, while some want to drink and drive (wisely).
“These consumers still want to feel part of the occasion, they still want to enjoy a glass of well-crafted wine with the same great taste just minus the alcohol,” Burton says.
For complete article
 Australian non-alcoholic wines grow in quality and popularity (
Child Alcohol Sipping and Alcohol Expediencies

This study found that 22% of the children in the sample had sipped alcohol. Beer was the most frequently sipped and the beverage originally belonged to the father.
The study concludes that, providing sips of alcohol to children is associated with them having more favorable expectations about alcohol use.
Conclusions: Providing sips of alcohol to children is associated with them having more favorable expectations about alcohol use.
For complete research go to Child Alcohol Sipping and Alcohol Expectancies - Movendi International
Connected Caring Community Counts:  New Study – Social Capital Matters for Alcohol Prevention

May 2021: A new study published in the journal Health & Place in March, 2021 explored how neighborhood and social network characteristics are related to adult binge alcohol use. They found that higher social cohesiveness reduces the likelihood of binge alcohol use. In unsafe, disorderly neighborhoods with low cohesion more interconnected social networks led to lower binge alcohol use.
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Combining Medications With 12-Step Model Treatment Improves OUD Outcomes

The Hazelden Betty Ford Foundation is pioneering this new hybrid approach. When people go into the HBF program, if they have problems with opioids, they are actively encouraged to use medications as part of this 12-step recovery-oriented system of care.
(“M.A.T. can be a helpful ‘circuit breaker’ in some contexts, but can never be an end in themselves, as long-term use of any toxin only aids and abets harms. ‘Sunset Clauses’ on M.A.T use can really only work with a drug use exiting therapeutic tool, such as 12 Step Programs simultaneously in play.” – Dalgarno Institute_
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Recovery Self-Help Groups – They Work & Here’s Why!

It works, but why does it work? Perspectives on change in 12-step and non-12-step mutual-help groups
There has been substantial growth of recovery mutual-help groups that adopt non-12-step philosophies. Findings from this study suggest that these newer groups may support change in many of the
 same ways as 12-step groups. Better understanding how these groups work can provide more options for people with substance use disorders and inform both clinicians and policy makers in supporting people seeking recovery.
For complete article
 Recovery Research Institute

People with heart rhythm disorders warned over cannabis use

Arrhythmias, General Risk Factors and Prevention April 2021. A study of 2.4 million hospitalised cannabis users has found that those with an arrhythmia were 4.5 times more likely to die while in hospital than those without. The research is presented at EHRA 2021, an online scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).1 For complete articlPeople with heart rhythm disorders warned over cannabis use (
Cannabis Use, Opioid M.A.T. and Suicidal Ideation – Not a good combination

Cannabis Use Is Associated With Suicidal Ideation Among Individuals With Opioid Use Disorder Receiving Opioid Agonist Therapy: Cannabis use is associated with suicidal behavior in the general population. This Canadian study investigated the association between cannabis use and suicidal ideation in cohort of participants aged 16 or older with opioid use disorder who were receiving opioid agonist therapy. This study raises concerns about the potential effect of cannabis on the psychological health of individuals with opioid use disorder.
For full research
 click here
Younger age of first cannabis use or prescription drug misuse is associated with faster development of substance use disorders (March, 2021)

A new study shows that in the time after first trying cannabis or first misusing prescription drugs, the percentages of young people who develop the corresponding substance use disorder are higher among adolescents (ages 12-17) than young adults (ages 18-25). In addition, 30% of young adults develop a heroin use disorder and 25% develop a methamphetamine use disorder a year after first using heroin or methamphetamine. These findings, published in JAMA Pediatrics, emphasize the vulnerability of young people to developing substance use disorders.
The researchers found that the prevalence of past-year cannabis use disorder was higher for adolescents than young adults at all examined time frames since first use of the drug. For example, within 12 months since first cannabis use, 10.7% of adolescents had cannabis use disorder versus 6.4% of young adults.
For complete article
 click here

Dalgarno Institute Family News Winter 2021
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