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The Fence or the Ambulance
Solitary Alcohol Use in Adolescence Predicts Alcohol Problems in Adulthood: A 17-Year Longitudinal Study in a Large National Sample of Us High School Students
This study found that consuming alcohol alone during adolescence predicts future alcohol use disorders, especially for women. This finding holds true even after controlling for other factors such as binge alcohol use, frequency of alcohol use, socioeconomic status, and gender.
The study found that about 25% of adolescents and 40% of young adults reported using alcohol alone.

The odds of having alcohol use disorder (AUD) symptoms at age 35 were 35% higher for adolescents who used alcohol alone and 60% higher for young adults who used alcohol alone, compared to those who consumed alcohol only in social settings.
According to previous research by Creswell and colleagues, young people mostly consume alcohol alone to cope with negative emotions. This pattern of alcohol use has consistently been linked with developing alcohol problems. Young people are now at even more risk of developing alcohol use problems since the pandemic as their anxiety and depression levels have also gone up. For more Teens Drinking Alone
Alcohol & Risk of Dementia.
#alcoholawareness #dementiacare

As a risk factor for disability, alcohol has shown the most rapid rise over the past 30 years for people aged 55 and over compared to other age groups. Studies that have claimed health benefits from drinking remain flawed in their design. Many fall down when comparing drinkers with non-drinkers, as they do not take into account the so-called “sick quitter” effect of people in non-drinking control group who have given up drinking through poor health. The other common flaw is studying healthy older people, who represent a selective group who have remained in good health in spite of alcohol, not because of it. Above all, the most recent study concluding purported health benefits did not assessment cognitive impairment at all.
The bottom line is that to protect the brain from alcohol in older people with health problems, it is safest not to drink at all. In those older people who remain healthy, starting to drink would not be advisable, as alcohol is associated with a range or other physical disorders that balance out any “benefits” seen in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases in some groups. For complete article Alcohol & Risk of Dementia
Drug Use Diminishing in Indigenous Australia
  • Between 2010 and 2019, the proportion of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who smoked daily fell from 35% to 25%. Over the same period, the proportion who drank at a risky level on a single occasion at least monthly fell from 46% to 34%, as did the proportion who exceeded the lifetime risk guideline, from 32% to 19%.
  • After adjusting for differences in age, between 2010 and 2019, the proportion of Indigenous Australians who smoked daily declined from 34% to 27%; exceeded the single occasion risk guideline at least monthly declined from 39% to 35%; and exceeded the lifetime risk guideline fell from 30% to 20%.
  • Rates of illicit drug use remained fairly stable among Indigenous Australians, but rose for non-Indigenous Australians.
For complete research Drug Use Diminishing in Indigenous Australia (nobrainer.org.au)
Australia’s Cocaine use is at its highest level in almost 2 decades and Ecstasy Use on Rise Again.
In 2019, 4.2% of Australians had used cocaine in the previous 12 months. This is the highest proportion seen since 2001, and has risen from 2.5% in 2016. Increases were seen across all age groups (except 14–19 year olds), but the overall rise was mainly driven by men.
Men also drove an increase in rates of recent ecstasy use, particularly those aged in their 20s and 30s. After declining in recent years, ecstasy use was up in 2019, with 3.0% of Australians having used it in the previous 12 months (up from 2.2% in 2016). There has also been a shift in the main forms of ecstasy used, with capsules (33% in 2016 to 49% in 2019) now used more than pills/tablets (from 51% in 2016 to 34% in 2019).
National Drug Strategy Household Survey 2019, Summary - Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (aihw.gov.au)
 
Children – The Life Long Sufferers of Parental Substance Use
Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

What Does Neonatal Mean?
Neonatal is defined as relating to or affecting a newborn infant during the first month after birth.  Neonatal is a term used in many different areas of medicine.  Addiction treatment is one field of medicine to use the term neonatal because of neonatal abstinence syndrome.

What is Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome?
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a group of medical problems faced by newborns who were exposed to addictive drugs during their mother’s pregnancy. Drugs the mother takes pass through the placenta to the baby. The baby becomes physically dependent on the drug at the same time as the mother.
If the mother continues to take drugs immediately before birth, the newborn will emerge entirely dependent on that drug. The newborn will experience withdrawal symptoms while its body is slowly getting the drug out of their system.
For complete article go to Drug Effects on Children at All Stages of Development - Top Rehabs
Also See: Children: The Real & Lasting Casualties of Domestic Violence – The AOD Connection
They Drink and You Pay the Price! The fiscal harms done to the non-drinking community.
The study, published in the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, breaks down this $20 billion into:
  • $1.6 billion for the child protection system due to an adult carer’s drinking;
  • $560 million for alcohol related domestic violence
  • almost $3 billion in lost productivity due to people having to care for a drinker.
“This is the first study to also measure the cost to those impacted by others’ drinking through alcohol-related traffic accidents, crime, violence and aggression, family hardship, caring for drinkers and their dependents, and healthcare and social services,”
Overall, the amount expended on those impacted by drinkers and their drinking is equivalent to the same amount again for those who drink, bringing the total annual bill to about $40 billion. This forensic analysis, by La Trobe University researchers, reveals the cost of everything from alcohol-related violence, car accidents, child services, impacts on quality of life and damage to property.
Complete article They Drink and You Pay the Price! The fiscal harms done to the non-drinking community.
(Dalgarno Institute comment: Our 160 plus years of challenging this outcome has seen such before – in fact our movement was really started as a result of these outcomes. Note to, it is the ‘legal’ drug that is causing these egregious harms. A protected and commercialized drug that has become completely engrained into the culture.
What is of even greater concern, is that pro-drug activists want to give the same carnage inducing ‘pass’ to currently illicit substances such as cannabis, cocaine, mushrooms, and crystal meth.
We know that high THC cannabis alone causes psychosis and all its accompanying chaos. The ‘Kincare’ industry in South East Queensland is ‘booming’ because of ‘Ice’ impact on parents ability to not just care for their kids, but shocking harms done to them. 
The insanity of promoting ‘permission’ models for substance use cannot be overstated. It is time to #preventdontpromote and focus on the first priority pillar of the National Drug Strategy - #DemandReduction)
Also see       
  1. Children – The Life Long Sufferers of Parental Substance Use
  2. AOD Use and the Kincare Crisis
  3. Children:Domestic_Violence_The_AOD_Impact
  4. Police launch operation to help curb impact of ice on kids
  5. Protective Factor Number One in Drug Use Prevention Science
Vaping cannabinoid acetate leads to formation of deadly gas – New Study
A new study by Portland State University… found that the toxic gas known as ketene is released when cannabinoid acetates are heated under vaping conditions. Ketene was found previously by researchers studying vitamin E acetate in 2019 in the emissions from a commercial e-cigarette. This led to ketene's identification as a possible source of the vaping-induced lung injury outbreak that led to nearly 3,000 hospitalizations and deaths in the U.S. as of February 2020. While ketene is known to be toxic to humans, Researchers said “it's too dangerous to study in order to fully understand its impact on the human body.”
The acetate group used in products, like Delta 8, make it easier to cross the blood-brain barrier, enhancing potency, Strongin said. The chemical reaction is similar to how morphine becomes heroin, he added. Researchers hope to work with regulatory agencies to alert consumers and regulators about this finding.
The study provides results based on one puff, which showed not only that ketene formed at lower temperature settings than previously thought but at levels that are known to be dangerous to an individual's health.
For compete research Vaping cannabinoid acetate leads to formation of deadly gas – New Study
 
Substance Abuse and Mental Health – The Double Whammy! Chicken or Egg?
Signs and symptoms of common co-occurring disorders:
The mental health problems that most commonly co-occur with substance abuse are depressionbipolar disorder, and anxiety disorders.
In co-occurring disorders, both the mental health issue and the drug or alcohol addiction have their own unique symptoms that may get in the way of your ability to function at work or school, maintain a stable home life, handle life’s difficulties, and relate to others. To make the situation more complicated, the co-occurring disorders also affect each other. When a mental health problem goes untreated, the substance abuse problem usually gets worse. And when alcohol or drug abuse increases, mental health problems usually increase too.
Co-occurring substance abuse problems and mental health issues are more common than many people realize. For more Dual Diagnosis: Substance Abuse and Mental Health - HelpGuide.org
Marijuana users more likely to need emergency care and hospitalization, study finds
“Our research demonstrates that cannabis use in the general population is associated with heightened risk of clinically serious negative outcomes, specifically, needing to present to the ED [emergency department] or be admitted to hospital,” 
  • Cannabis users were 22 percent more likely than those who don’t use to land in the emergency room or become hospitalized for any reason, suggesting use of the drug may be associated with negative health outcomes.
  • Bodily injury was the top reason for emergency department visits and hospitalizations among marijuana users, while respiratory issues came in second.
  • While recreational marijuana is still illegal in the U.S. under federal law, at least 19 states have passed legislation to allow sales of the drug.
(Cannabis use and risks of respiratory and all-cause morbidity and mortality: a population-based, data-linkage, cohort study | BMJ Open Respiratory Research)
For complete article Marijuana users more likely to need emergency care and hospitalization, study finds
 
Careful with OTC CBD – Very Careful
Cannabidiol (CBD) products made from hemp have gotten more popular in recent years. But how much can you trust what the label says, compared to what really is in CBD patches, creams, and lotions?
A team of investigators decided to find out. They bought 105 hemp-derived CBD topicals – products designed to be applied to the skin – from physical stores and online sites.
Of the 89 labels that list the amount of CBD, for example, 24% matched what was inside; 58% of the products had more CBD; and the remaining 18% contained less.
Also, more than a third – 35% – of the topicals tested contained delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), including some that claimed to be THC-free.
Can Be Deceiving
CBD topicals are over-the-counter (OTC) products, so the FDA does not regulate them the same way as prescription medications. But at the same time, the agency does not allow OTC products to make claims about health benefits.
"The health claims made on the products, which are often very pricey, may not be supported by clinical research…This study really highlights that current regulatory oversight of cannabinoid products is not sufficient," says Spindle, who is also an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and Cannabis Science Laboratory in Baltimore.
For complete article Careful with CBD – Very Careful: Some CBD Creams, Patches Don't Match Labels: Study
For JAMA Research Cannabinoid Content and Label Accuracy of Hemp-Derived Topical Products Available Online and at National Retail Stores JAMA Network Open
High-strength cannabis linked to addiction and mental health problems
by University of Bath
Researchers from the Addiction and Mental Health Group at the University of Bath (UK) have systematically analyzed the relationship between the types of cannabis people use and their addiction and mental health problems. Their work draws on 20 studies involving almost 120,000 people.
The new study, published in The Lancet Psychiatry, suggests that people who use high-potency cannabis are more likely to experience addiction than those using low-potency products. It also suggests that people using high-potency cannabis are more likely to experience a psychotic disorder, such as schizophrenia.
These findings may help to explain why more people have received treatment for cannabis problems over recent years. Data from the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction show a 76% increase in people entering treatment for cannabis addiction in the past decade.
"These results are important in the context of harm reduction, which aims to minimize the negative consequences associated with drug use. While the safest level of use for cannabis is of course 'no use,' it is important to acknowledge that a significant number of people across the world use cannabis regularly, and to ensure they can make informed decisions that could reduce any possible harms associated with it."
For complete article go to  High-strength cannabis linked to addiction and mental health problems
Further Reading  
How Men's Cannabis Use Could Affect Their Kids' Health
Research on pot and sperm quality, gene expression, and child development.

July 28, 2022  
KEY POINTS
  • Paternal consumption of marijuana prior to conception has been found in rodent studies to alter offspring brain development.
  • Children whose fathers consumed marijuana during their partner's pregnancy may be at higher risk of psychotic symptoms.
  • Pot consumption can trigger epigenetic changes in gene expression, which fathers can pass along to their children.
  • Not all human studies of pot's effects on male fertility are consistent. A dose-dependent relationship between pot and male fertility may exist.
Accumulating evidence suggests that a man’s lifetime cannabis consumption can influence his fertility as well as the health and development of his future children. While occasional use may not have terrible consequences, prospective fathers (and their partners) should be mindful of how marijuana use, especially in the months leading up to conception, can affect sperm—and the expression of genes those sperm pass on to offspring.
For complete article go to   How Men's Cannabis Use Could Affect Their Kids' Health
Effects of cannabis on congenital limb anomalies in 14 European nations: A geospatiotemporal and causal inferential study (Europe is not exempt from cannabis caused congenital cannabis defects)
Data indicate that metrics of cannabis exposure are closely linked with CLAR and satisfy epidemiological criteria for causality. Along with Hawaii and the USA, Europe now forms the third international population in which this causal link has been demonstrated. Cannabis as a predictor of limb anomalies was more potent than tobacco or alcohol. Cannabinoid access should be restricted to protect public health and the community genome/epigenome transgenerationally.
For complete research go to  Effects of cannabis on congenital limb anomalies in 14 European nations: A geospatiotemporal and causal inferential study
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