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Over 150 years of minimising harm by maximising prevention

Helpful Tip #17 How NOT to say ‘Yes’ to Drugs!

“You know what, my parents would kill me, so death and damage sooner than expected! LOL! Besides, I actually like my parents and think they have a clue on this!”

No Brainer


 
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Child/Teen Vaping, “Skyrocketing”
Association of 1 Vaping Session With Cellular Oxidative Stress in Otherwise Healthy Young People With No History of Smoking or Vaping-A Randomized Clinical Crossover Trial

A single 30-minute vaping session can significantly increase cellular oxidative stress. Middlekauff et al demonstrated that vaping is associated with adverse changes in the body that can presage future health problems
 
Pill Testing/Checking 2.0 – Not only is it an exercise in Russian Roulette it also has potential to increase harms. Beyond that it is yet another key strategy of the pro-drug lobby to further ‘normalize’ drug use. Don’t just understand the data and approaches, understand the deception in the agenda by clicking the link here
How is to Blame for Vaping – Another Failed ‘Harm Reduction’ Vehicle #DemandReduction check out more by clicking here
Fentanyl – The Growing Opioid Nightmare
What Is Fentanyl: Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid, a man-made drug designed to mimic the effects of natural opiates like heroin and opium. It is 50 to 100 times stronger than morphine and is prescribed to treat severe pain after surgery or during cancer treatment.
The drug is available in several forms and under many different brand names. It can be administered by injection, as a patch, and in the form of a sublingual tablet.
Affects of Fentanyl on the Brain: Medical professionals prescribe Fentanyl to patients suffering from chronic pain or flare-ups of unbearable pain despite ongoing narcotic treatment, called breakthrough pain. The substance behaves similarly to heroin and morphine by working with the brain’s opioid receptors. The opioid centers are areas in the brain that manage pain and emotions.
The brain works by binding Fentanyl to the opioid receptors, causing dopamine levels in the brain to increase and induce euphoria, relaxation, and contentment. The effects of Fentanyl come on rapidly but are short-lived, generally lasting only one to two hours.
Even when used as prescribed, Fentanyl side-effects can include:
  • Mood changes
  • Headaches
  • Coldness
  • Drowsiness
  • Depression
  • Dry mouth
  • Stomach pain
  • Indigestion
  • Back pain
  • Itching
  • Decreased libido
  • Agitation
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chest pain
  • Seizures
  • Diarrhea
  • Shortness of breath
Fentanyl harbors a massive addiction potential because of its strength and pharmacology, whether sourced legally or illegally.
For complete article go to Fentanyl Addiction and Treatment | Addiction Rehab Treatment
 
Vaping on TikTok: a systematic thematic analysis
Introduction
 
The rising popularity of TikTok among adolescents may influence their awareness and perceptions of e-cigarette use via user-generated content. This study aimed to examine how e-cigarette/vaping-related videos are portrayed on TikTok.
Methods The nine most viewed hashtag based keywords were used to identify popular e-cigarette/vaping-related videos on TikTok (n=1000) from its inception (earliest upload date: January 2019) to November 2020. Five researchers independently coded the number of views, likes, user category and theme.
Results A final sample of 808 e-cigarette/vaping-related videos that met study criteria were included. Collectively, these videos were viewed over 1.5 billion times, with a median view count of 1 000 000 (range 112 900–78 600 000) and a median ‘likes’ count of 143 000 (range 10 000–1 000 000). A majority of the videos portrayed e-cigarette use positively (63%; collectively viewed over 1.1 billion times). 
Conclusion Our findings illustrated that positively framed e-cigarette and vaping-related postings available without age restrictions on TikTok—a rising video-sharing platform that is popular among adolescents—have been viewed many times. Effective age restrictions are needed to reduce adolescents’ potential exposure to videos that portray vaping positively.
To view the research click here 
 
High – THC Cannabis Concentrates & Their (Scary) Effect on the Teenage Brain
“The first time my son got suspended from school, I remember his coach said to me, ‘Don’t be too hard on him; it’s just pot.’ He said that because my son was an athlete and a good kid. He was just 14. But within two months, my son exited his life. He became a different human being. His joie de vivre was impacted. One day I got in a fight with him about not showing up to school, and I said, ‘I think this is the pot. You have to stop.’ He said, ‘If I have to stop smoking pot, I’m going to kill myself. In fact, I’m going to kill myself right now.’ He went to his room and locked the door. I called the police for help, and it was a cop who told me I needed to be very concerned about his marijuana use. He said, ‘It’s not like what you smoked when you were younger.’ That’s how I learned about dabbing. My son was a fun, sweet, supersensitive kid. Then he wanted to be in his room all the time. He was buying shatter and wax through a senior with a medical card. They did it over Snapchat. One night after he came home from work—he got a job at 15—he was looking for something in the backyard shed. He was crying. He told me he used to have fun before drugs, but now he only had fun when he was doing drugs.
 

Cannabis Leads in Race to Psychotic Disorders – Rates and Predictors of Conversion to Schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorder Following Substance-Induced Psychosis
Abstract

Results: Overall, 32.2% (95% CI=29.7-34.9) of patients with a substance-induced psychosis converted to either bipolar or schizophrenia-spectrum disorders. The highest conversion rate was found for cannabis-induced psychosis, with 47.4% (95% CI=42.7-52.3) converting to either schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. Young age was associated with a higher risk of converting to schizophrenia. Self-harm after a substance-induced psychosis was significantly linked to a higher risk of converting to both schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Half the cases of conversion to schizophrenia occurred within 3.1 years after a substance-induced psychosis, and half the cases of conversion to bipolar disorder occurred within 4.4 years.
Conclusions: Substance-induced psychosis is strongly associated with the development of severe mental illness, and a long follow-up period is needed to identify the majority of cases. For complete research click here
High potency weed linked to psychotic episodes, mysterious vomiting illness in young users
July, 2021,
BOULDER, Colo. — One day in fall 2018, Bo Gribbon began to vomit and couldn’t stop. He threw up multiple times an hour from morning to night before his mother drove him to the hospital near their home here.
“It felt like Edwards Scissorhands was trying to grab my intestines and pull them out,” said Gribbon, then 17.
Over the next nine months, Gribbon went to the emergency room 11 times for the same problem: severe vomiting and screaming at the same time that lasted for hours. When a physician’s assistant told him the likely cause, Gribbon didn’t believe it at first. He had never heard of marijuana producing a side effect like that.
'My life was falling apart'
Bo Gribbon is now sober and headed to college this fall to study electronic music.
He said he’s clear-eyed that what happened to him was a result of his own decisions, but he said the industry should also be held accountable. “I don’t know if anyone needs to go to jail, but I think they need to be sued,” he said.
For more go to NBC news
 
Young Rapper Dead at 20! Another young life needlessly lost, and the only drug in 'Lil Loaded' system? Marijuana. This drug causes and worsens mental health issues. Dallas rapper Lil Loaded dead at 20: report (nypost.com)
 
Changes in cannabis use modes among Canadian youth across recreational cannabis legalization: Data from the COMPASS prospective cohort study
Highlights:
  • Less than a third of youth maintained a single mode of cannabis use across legalization.
  • More than three times as many participants expanded their use modes as reduced them.
  • Maintenance of multiple modes was associated with other substance use and depressive symptoms
  • Using cannabis in multiple ways linked to binge drinking and depressive symptoms
Conclusions: Multi-modal cannabis use increased among Canadian youth in our sample. Its association with other substance use and depressive symptoms may indicate clustering of additional harms. Screening for this use pattern may assist in identifying high-risk substance use and should be considered in the design of harm reduction programming.
For more Science Direct
 
 
Weeding out the truth: Cannabis a ‘Gateway’ to Opioid Use?
Conclusion A systematic review and meta-analysis found that while people who use cannabis are disproportionately more likely to initiate opioid use and engage in problematic patterns of use than people who do not use cannabis, the low quality of the evidence must be considered when interpreting these findings.
For complete research click here 
 
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