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Dear <<First Name>>,

Welcome to the Fence Builder eNews Update for November 2019.
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Dalgarno Institute

 

“I am for anything that gets the message across to people, particularly young people, that cannabis is very, very dangerous. Joanna started smoking the drug when she was very young and it progressed when she went to university… It was like she was in a vicious circle where the drug would be the only thing to relax her but also worsened her health. Joanna’s death is such a waste. She had her whole life in front of her. She was a beautiful girl and very talented. I don’t think many youngsters understand the extent to which it can affect people.”

Father of Joanna Barton-Harvey: 
Drugs warning by tragic Joanna’s dad

Check out our latest YouTube Playlist

Drug Policy: Prevent Don’t Promote – Changing the Narrative
E-cigarettes take serious toll on heart health, not safer than traditional cigarettes

E-cigarette use takes a serious toll on heart health—a big concern given the high prevalence of e-cigarettes and perception of e-cigarettes as a healthier alternative to traditional cigarettes, according to new research that will be presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2019—November 16-18 in Philadelphia.
https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-11-e-cigarettes-heart-health-tobacco.html

 
The Dutch Are Waking Up to Discover They Live in a ‘Narco State’
 
The Dutch government and Dutch society failed to realize the country had moved from consuming drugs to producing them, and on a global scale.
“I have grave concerns about the disruption that addictive drugs are causing. The drug economy undermines every aspect of society and threatens the legitimate economy. But it also threatens our standards, our values and our security.”                           
 Dutch minister of Justice and Security, Ferdinand Grapperhaus
For complete story got to Dutch ‘progressive’ drug policy outcomes – an experiment no other nation need try!

 
Not yesterday's cocaine:

Death toll rising from tainted drug
Police chief's warning over killer drugs that cost less than a Happy Meal after girl, 15, died from taking 'minuscule amount of MDMA'

For more go to ‘Pill Testing DOESN’T Stop This – But it CAN Encourage it!’
 
ONLY 1 PERCENT OF PEOPLE BECOME CHRONIC OPIOID USERS AFTER HOSPITAL PRESCRIPTIONS FOR INJURIES.

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Australian Institute of Health and Welfare

Patterns of AOD Treatment Service Use in
Australia 2014-2018

Read the document HERE
THE HEADLINES

The painful truth about what having a hangover really does to your body
Hangover is a proper 'illness' now.

For complete story go to Best Hangover Prevention? Don’t Drink!

 
Melbourne Cup – as many celebrate, Australia becomes a more dangerous place for women and children.
 

Sober In The Country: our vision is a rural Australia where it's socially acceptable when somebody says 'no thanks' to a beer. https://www.soberinthecountry.com.au/
 

Can meditation, hypnosis, and CBT help address the opioid crisis?
A first-of-its-kind review and meta-analysis of specialized literature suggests that mind-body therapies, such as meditation and cognitive behavioral therapy, can help ease physical pain and prevent the development of opioid use disorder.

Read more...Medical News Today October 2019
 

So, Doing Drugs for Fun? (What it Really Costs to Ignore Justice!)
is, simply, good. Very good, in fact. It is a deep-dive through the superficial fun of a party drug that 1 million Britons take into the brutality beneath. It manages to be compelling, honest and unpreachy, and treats its subject with robust respect. They visit the slums and the tenants they control, meet the children who have an 80% chance of being recruited into the industry, and go out on patrol with the navy to understand the virtual impossibility of breaking the stranglehold of the cartels…PARTY ON!  

For more go to ‘NOT your ‘right’ to do drugs!
 
Alcohol-related domestic violence and assaults drop dramatically one year on from floor price introduction
The floor price set a minimum amount for which alcohol can be sold at $1.30 per standard drink. In Alice Springs, where a raft of reforms were introduced following the 2017 release of the Riley review into alcohol policies, there has been a 43 per cent reduction in alcohol-related assaults and a 38 per cent reduction in domestic violence during that same period. Concurrently, Tennant Creek saw drops of 28 per cent for both alcohol-related assaults and domestic violence.

For complete story go to: https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-10-18/domestic-violence-assualts-drop-alcohol-floor-price-nt/11619046
 

How Marijuana Use Can Increase Your Risk for an Alcohol Overdose
  • A new study found that when people use alcohol and drugs together, their risk for an alcohol overdose increases.
  • The study looked at 660 patients who had experienced alcohol poisoning, passing out, or blacking out events, and found only 20 percent had been using alcohol alone.
  • The most common drug used in combination with alcohol users who experienced an alcohol overdose was marijuana.
  • When used in combination with alcohol, several drugs have the power to increase alcohol intake beyond what a person would normally consume.
  • This combination can also cause overdose symptoms to be more severe than they would with alcohol alone
For complete article https://www.healthline.com/health-news/overdose-risk-increases-when-alcohol-is-used-with-other-drugs
 

Jack-Ass's Steve-O: Talks about Johnny Knoxville’s drug intervention
 

Portugal Mayor Supports Recriminalizing Public Drug Use
But what’s been a beacon of hope for North American drug policy reformers could be regressing towards punitive approaches that Americans are all too familiar with. On September 30, Rui Moreira, the mayor of Porto, contradicted his past pro-harm reduction positions, like the ones made at the 2019 Harm Reduction International conference in his own city, when he endorsed reintroducing criminal penalties for drug use in public spaces during a municipal assembly meeting.

https://filtermag.org/portugal-mayor-criminalization-drugs/


Editorial:
(Dalgarno Institute – We may not be able to ‘arrest’ our way out of the drug mess. Be rest assured, we will never ‘treat’ our way out of it either – that ‘damage management’ model only generates greater (and almost invariably, irreversible) mess.
We can, in time, PREVENT our way out of it #preventdontpromote. We were told the legal and completely socially acceptable drug of tobacco would never be dealt with.  But here we are with the lowest daily tobacco use in the world. As with the QUIT campaign #DemandReduction We need One Focus – One Message – One Voice in the illicit drug space and that cannot be ‘normalisation’, which is the current nefarious narrative being ‘pushed’ by the promoters and permitters of drug use in our social-political arenas.
Permission, NOT prohibition is putting an entire generation at risk, not only of acute harms, but chronic, often irreversible harms, that no amount of taxpayer funded ‘health care’ will rectify. It’s time to reduce demand, primary prevent and promote drug use exiting #recovery.
You community, your family and your children deserve this – not the harm facilitating agenda of the pro-drug minority.)

 

Vienna NGO Market Place Dalgarno Institute on 12. 11. 2019
Dalgarno Research Report: Needle & Syringe Program - The Australian Experience

Read it HERE


Ketamine's potential to fight alcohol abuse has a major problem
Ketamine may not work the same way for males and females. In fact, for females there’s evidence that using ketamine to treat alcohol abuse disorder could saddle people with a new addiction: a craving for ketamine instead.
https://www.inverse.com/article/61006-potential-ketamine-treatment-for-alcohol-abuse-disorder

 
Toward Healthy Drug Policy in the United States — The Case of Safehouse
https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMp1913448?query=TOC


Dalgarno Comment: Lens for both investigation and interpretation for drug use 'management', must have demand, supply and harm reduction filters, not simply the latter.
The continuing growth in the misuse of harm reduction only vehicles that end up endorsing, empowering, equipping or enabling ongoing drug use (thus both undermining the two other vital pillars of harm minimization - being Supply and Demand Reduction.) is not simply an emerging phenomena, but a now entrenched one.
All harm reduction vehicles, whether pharmacotherapy or consumption mechanisms such as injecting rooms and needle/syringe programs, MUST have a sunset clause on them to be an effective drug policy tool. The exiting of the harm causing enterprise of drug use IS supposed to be the goal of harm reduction, not the continuation of it, and particularly at the expense of the non-drug using public.
There is no argument that more needs to be done, but it is the effective and uncompromising collaboration of all three pillars of Harm Minimization that will see the change needed. However, as long as harm reduction ONLY mechanisms are used to 're-interpret' drug policy and implementation, then cessation of drug use is perpetually sabotaged and harms grow!

 

Marijuana vape users are getting incurable "cobalt lung"
This is just the beginning, pulmonary researchers caution.


By Alexandra Pattillo  on December 4, 2019
After using a marijuana vape pen for just six months, a 49-year-old retired dog trainer went to the doctor coughing and wheezing, reporting shortness of breath upon exertion. The woman had smoked off and on through her teens and twenties, but was healthy — other than her worrying throat symptoms.
Her doctors gave her a rare and surprising diagnosis: hard-metal pneumoconiosis — a lung disease known as “cobalt lung.”
Until now, this lung condition was most often seen in one particular group of people: metal workers. Typically, people who sharpen tools, polish diamonds, or make dental prosthetics are at risk of developing “cobalt lung,” not dog trainers.
So what caused the woman’s lung condition? Worryingly, it was probably her marijuana vape pen.
That’s the conclusion of a case study on the woman, published this week in the European Respiratory Journal.
Researchers analyzed the vape liquid from her “ZenPen,” finding toxic metals in the juice like nickel, aluminum, lead, and, you guessed it, cobalt. They also have a theory for how those metals might make their way from the vape into the woman’s airways in the first place — it may be to do with the way marijuana vape pens work.
“Exposure to cobalt dust is extremely rare outside of a few specific industries,” Rupal Shah, paper co-author and researcher at the University of California, San Francisco said in a statement.
“This is the first known case of a metal-induced toxicity in the lung that has followed from vaping and it has resulted in long-term, probably permanent, scarring of the patient’s lungs.



What is cobalt lung?
For more go to https://www.inverse.com/article/61462-marijuana-vapes-cause-cobalt-lung-disease-seen-in-metal-workers
 

Cannabis-induced psychosis blamed in beheading of father at Muskoka cottage
The court heard cannabis-induced psychosis, not a major mental disorder, spurred the brutal death of 67-year-old John Kehl by his then 31-year-old son Adam. 

https://www.thespec.com/news-story/9737249-cannabis-induced-psychosis-blamed-in-beheading-of-father-at-muskoka-cottage/#.Xd3kEU_ApJI.twitter
 

Cannabis dependence and abuse nearly doubled risk of heart attack post-surgery
St. Michael's Hospital Patients with active cannabis dependence and abuse were nearly twice as likely to suffer a heart attack after surgery, according to a study led by researchers at St. Michael's Hospital of Unity Health Toronto. For more https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-12-cannabis-abuse-heart-post-surgery.html

 
Cannabis may be linked to strokes and heart rhythm disturbances in young people
Frequent cannabis (marijuana) use among young people was linked to an increased risk of stroke and people diagnosed with cannabis use disorder were more likely to be hospitalized for heart rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias), according to two new preliminary studies to be presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions 2019

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-11-cannabis-linked-heart-rhythm-disturbances.html
 



Weed: Can it kill you?
A 2014 study in Forensic Science International reported two cases of sudden death that doctors linked to health complications possibly worsened by marijuana use. The report indicated that before these deaths, the researchers were not aware of any other deaths related to marijuana use alone.
It is important to note that only after excluding all other causes of death did the report assume the young men experienced fatal cardiovascular events brought on by cannabis. The report also concludes that doctors cannot rule out the possibility that pre-existing cardiovascular factors played a role in the deaths.
In 2018, a teenager died of dehydration due to cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS). CHS is a condition that can occur in regular cannabis smokers and causes nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. You can read their story here.
A recent report in Missouri MedicineTrusted Source found that some of the more common illnesses connected to marijuana use have also increased in Colorado since legalization. These include:
  • cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS)
  • acute psychosis
  • cannabinoid catatonia syndrome
  • acute myopericarditis
Of course, this article doesn’t take into account;
  • Road accidents due to WEED
  • Suicide due to WEED
  • Murder due to WEED
All of these make you dead, and all the result of cannabis use! So, If cannabis doesn’t kill then neither does Tobacco, right?
For more go to Medical News 2019
 
 

Male Marijuana Use Might Double the Risk of Partner’s Miscarriage
BU researcher finds that miscarriages are more likely when the father uses marijuana weekly - If a man habitually uses marijuana even as little as once a week, could that increase the risk of his partner experiencing a miscarriage in early pregnancy? A first-of-its-kind study suggests so. 

 
 


FDA Says Most CBD Products May Not Be Safe, and Warns 15 Companies to Stop Selling Them
CBD may pose unknown health risks and cannot be marketed as a dietary supplement, food or therapeutic cure-all.

For full story go to https://www.livescience.com/fda-warns-companies-selling-cbd-products.html  (28/11/19)
 


Associations of Parental Marijuana Use With Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse
Children whose parents use marijuana are 2.5 times more likely to drink/ smoke/ use drugs
   
   
Harvard University surveyed 24,900 sets of parents and children about their substance use – and found that both teenagers and young adults who live at home are up to 2.5 times more likely to use substances if their parents use marijuana.
 


THC and CBD during early pregnancy might cause alcohol-like fetal defects
The research suggests that there is no safe period to consume marijuana during pregnancy.

https://www.zmescience.com/medicine/thc-and-cbd-during-early-pregnancy-might-cause-alcohol-like-fetal-defects/
 


FDA, FTC warn company marketing unapproved cannabidiol products with unsubstantiated claims to treat teething and ear pain in infants, autism, ADHD, Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease… Cannabis Chaos & Crack Pot Clinical Claims!

For more... FDA Warning on CBD Products
 


What is cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome?
Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is a condition that sometimes develops due to the use of marijuana. The syndrome causes repeated and severe vomiting and nausea.
It is important for people with CHS to stop using marijuana because this will resolve their nausea and vomiting. Preventing dehydration and stopping nausea and vomiting are the treatment goals during the hyperemesis stage of the condition.
When people with CHS stop using marijuana, their symptoms of nausea and vomiting usually disappear. Nausea and vomiting tend to return if they start using marijuana again.

For Complete article go to…What is cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome?
 

Marijuana legalization can’t fix mass incarceration
(The drug use infused lies continue – Let’s not let facts get in the way of a good marijuana myth!)

https://www.vox.com/policy-and-politics/2018/4/16/17243080/marijuana-legalization-mass-incarceration-boehner
 

Cannabis demasculinizes rats but is not estrogenic
Abstract: Cannabis resin (54% THC) caused dose-related decreases in the development of testis, prostate and seminal vesicles when administered in the diet to immature male rats. Bioassays and estrogen-receptor studies showed no estrogenic activity in cannabis resin. Demasculinazation and possible feminization by cannabis are not due to simple estrogen-like action on male tissues.

 
 
 
 
 
The Fence or The Ambulance?
  Marijuana’s Ecological Impact


The Fence or The Ambulance?

 
“Most people have been conned into using the word ‘overdose’ regarding illicit drugs! No such thing! Why? Because it clearly implies there is a 'safe' dose which can be taken - and everyone knows that's a lie. The same goes for the words 'use' and abuse'. Those terms can only be applied to prescribed pharmaceuticals because they have a prescribed safe dose. I have asked each jurisdiction in Australia if the legal amount of alcohol when driving, up to 0.49, is considered safe for driving. All said no - they would not state that!”
Drug Watch International

 
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