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Drug Policy: Building or Demolishing Community Resilience?
 
Recognizing the Warning Signs of Drug Addiction: What You Need to Know
 
Baby Boomers revealed to be biggest drinkers in new report
Baby Boomers are drinking more than any other generation of Australians, according to data from an organisation helping people who want to change their relationship with alcohol. A survey on behalf of Hello Sunday Morning (HSM) asked more than 1250 Australians about their drinking habits in September, and found people aged 65-74 were drinking more than double the amount younger Australians were. Gen Zers had the lowest weekly alcohol consumption of all, while Millennials were less likely to drink every day than people aged over 55, who were eight times more likely.
 

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Drinkers by type. Picture: Hello Sunday Morning Source: Supplied

One in five men aged between 65-74 reported consuming more than an average of 31.5 standard drinks in a 7-day period, placing them in what HSM calls the “very high risk” category. When women in the same age category are factored in, the percentage in the very high risk category drops to 15 per cent, but that’s still almost double the average across all age groups (8 per cent, the same percentage as people who drink every day). 45 per cent of men also thought you would still be fine to drive if you only drank one standard drink an hour, which HSM called a “dangerous misconception”.
WHY THE BOYS CAN’T STAY OFF THE BEERS Men are more likely to drink to distract themselves from their problems.
For complete story
 https://www.news.com.au/technology/science/human-body/baby-boomers-revealed-to-be-biggest-drinkers-in-new-report/news-story/053136545a416613d562e892e2f4982d
Link between Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and youth crime sparks calls for change
Anne Russell thought it was safe to drink alcohol while pregnant with her son, Seth, but her actions led to him being born with Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) — a condition she believes pushed him into the criminal justice system.
Key points:
  • Experts are calling for all children in Australia's criminal justice system to be assessed for FASD
  • It is believed up to 40 per cent of inmates in Australian prisons may have the disability, but most are undiagnosed
  • A federal inquiry into FASD support, prevention and diagnosis is due to release its findings next month
Russian Roulette with Drug Testing at Music Festivals
 
Industry Submissions on Alcohol in the Context of Australia’s Trade and Investment Agreements: A Content and Thematic Analysis of Publicly Available Documents
Abstract
Introduction and Aims: Alcohol use is a leading risk factor for death and disability, responsible for three million deaths in 2016. The alcohol industry is a powerful player in shaping trade and investment rules in ways that can constrain the ability of governments to regulate alcoholic beverages to reduce harm. This paper analyses publicly available submissions about alcohol in the context of Australia’s free trade agreements to determine the key themes put forward by industry.
Results: Findings suggest that industry is actively seeking to shape trade negotiations around alcohol. Priority issues for the industry include improving market access, harmonizing regulation, improving clarity and transparency, reducing the burden of regulation and preventing monopolies on product names.
Discussion and Conclusion: The alcohol industry and associated business and government organizations are actively working to influence trade agreement negotiations for industry economic gain, arguing for rules which may undermine public health goals. The analysis suggests that public health experts should pay attention to trade and investment agreements and develop counter frames to ensure agreements do not create barriers for coherent health policies
https://movendi.ngo/science-digest/industry-submissions-on-alcohol-in-the-context-of-australias-trade-and-investment-agreements/
 
Public Intoxication and the Public Good? Victorian Government sides with….
Doctors, police slam planned reform POLICE and doctors have slammed the Andrews government for announcing a plan to scrap public drunkenness laws without any detail on how violent cases will be managed.
Mr Gatt said police feared they would be used as a “taxi service” without adequate funding, however, with the government’s promised $16 million for trials falling short.
“Who will respond to triple-0 calls for assistance from the community when intoxicated people are putting them at risk?” he said.
“For decades police have fought to remove alcohol-fuelled violence from our streets. We cannot compromise on this work by making rash decisions .”
For further information https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-11-28/victoria-public-drunkenness-law-report-backed-by-government/12929116
 
 
Campus Drug Prevention:  Research Articles For Students, Peers & Parents 
 
CHILDREN LIVING WITH 'TOXIC TRIO' ISSUES MORE LIKELY TO BE VICTIMS OF CRIME
November, 2020
Children living in homes where with an adult experiencing one or more of the "toxic trio" of mental illness, domestic abuse or substance misuse, are more likely to be victims of crime, research has found.
Children living in households with an adult who reported going through mental ill-health or domestic abuse were more likely to have been a victim of crime in the previous 12 months than children living in households where the interviewed adult did not report mental ill-health (16.7 per cent compared with 10.8 per cent) or domestic abuse (16.1 per cent compared with 10.7 per cent). They were also nearly twice as likely to have been excluded or suspended from school.
Watch Toxic Trio & Child Harms
For complete Article go to Children & Young People Now
 
Substance Use in Women Research Report: Substance Use While Pregnant and Breastfeeding
Research shows that use of tobacco, alcohol, or illicit drugs or misuse of prescription drugs by pregnant women can have severe health consequences for infants. This is because many substances pass easily through the placenta, so substances that a pregnant woman takes also reach the fetus.91 Recent research shows that smoking tobacco or marijuana, taking prescription pain relievers, or using illegal drugs during pregnancy is associated with double or even triple the risk of stillbirth.92 Estimates suggest that about 5 percent of pregnant women use one or more addictive substances.93
Risks of Stillbirth from Substance Use in Pregnancy
  • Tobacco use—1.8 to 2.8 times greater risk of stillbirth, with the highest risk found among the heaviest smokers
  • Marijuana use—2.3 times greater risk of stillbirth
  • Evidence of any stimulant, marijuana, or prescription pain reliever use—2.2 times greater risk of stillbirth
  • Passive exposure to tobacco—2.1 times greater risk of stillbirth
https://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/research-reports/substance-use-in-women/substance-use-while-pregnant-breastfeeding
 
Association of Alcohol-Induced Loss of Consciousness and Overall Alcohol Consumption With Risk for Dementia
Evidence on alcohol consumption as a risk factor for dementia usually relates to overall consumption. The role of alcohol-induced loss of consciousness is uncertain.
OBJECTIVE: To examine the risk of future dementia associated with overall alcohol consumption and alcohol-induced loss of consciousness in a population of current drinkers.
CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The findings of this study suggest that alcohol-induced loss of consciousness, irrespective of overall alcohol consumption, is associated with a subsequent increase in the risk of dementia.  For complete research Binge Drinking & Dementia
 
Scopolamine is also known as Devil’s Breath
The odourless and tasteless compound temporarily reduces victims to a zombified state in which they have no free will and become highly suggestible to what others tell them. Tales of its power are hideous. Victims turned into obedient slaves who give up their house keys and PIN numbers after having a mysterious white powder blown in their faces; young women abducted and raped after having their drinks spiked; and wealthy hotel guests robbed blind — almost literally — after accepting a contaminated room key from a flirtatious admirer at the bar.
Scopolamine has been extracted for centuries from another poisonous plant — closely related to the borrachero — called datura, found in Europe, North America and India. Side-effects often include hallucinations, paralysis, breathing difficulties and heart seizures.
For more https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-8816829/TOM-LEONARD-Devils-Breath-steals-sou.html
 
How does cocaine affect the heart?
Cocaine’s effects on the heart can cause both immediate emergencies, such as a heart attack, and long-term damage.
Cocaine’s effects on the heart can cause both immediate emergencies, such as a heart attack, and long-term damage.
Regular, long-term cocaine use significantly increases the risk of heart disease. For people with pre-existing heart health problems, even short-term cocaine use may elevate the risk. These risks include…
Coronary artery disease – Higher blood pressure – Damage to the structure of the heart – Heart arrhythmias – Chest pain – Congestive heart failure – Heart attack and stroke
For complete article Medical News Today – Cocaine Harms
 
Landmark Study Shows Decades-Long Alcohol Policy Failure
Movendi International statement in reaction to latest findings of the Global Burden of Disease study 2019
Alcohol remains one of the leading risk factors contributing to the global burden of disease.
  • Alcohol is the eighth leading preventable risk factor for disease.
  • The contribution of alcohol to the global disease burden has been increasing year by year from 2.6% of DALYs* in 1990 to 3.7% of DALYs in 2019. 
  • In high income countries alcohol use is the second fasted growing risk factor and in LMICs it is the fourth fastest rising risk factor.
  • Alcohol is the second largest risk factor for disease burden in the age group 10-24 years.
  • Alcohol is the largest risk factor for disease burden in the group 25-49 years.
For complete Article go to Movendi International Media Release October 2020
 
Addiction, Covid-19 & Death
People who are addicted to drugs or other substances are more likely to contract COVID-19 and to be hospitalized or die from it, according to a National Institutes of Health study.
People with a substance use disorder made up 10.3% of those studied in the NIH-funded project but accounted for 15.6% of the COVID-19 cases, according to the study. Those with a recent opioid use disorder diagnosis were most likely to develop COVID-19, followed by people with tobacco use disorder
https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-11-people-addiction-covid-die.html
 
Killer drug GHB has been weaponized and 'should be reclassified'- Report
A drug that was weaponised by the UK's most prolific rapist and the serial killer Stephen Port should be reclassified, says an official report
Currently GHB is in class C, with anabolic steroids and some tranquilisers.
Assessment of the harms of (GHB) gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, gamma-butyrolactone, and closely related compounds Research & Analysis:
For complete story go to https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-55007273
 
How Overcoming Drug Addiction Can Help you Lead a Better Life
Adverse childhood experiences and at-risk drinking, cannabis, and illicit drug use
New research from the Prevention Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation suggests that adverse childhood experiences, often referred to as child maltreatment, are associated with increased odds of substance use among women urban Emergency Department (ED) patients
Adverse childhood experiences were measured as:
·         exposure to a mentally ill person in the home
·         parent/caregiver alcoholism
·         sexual abuse
·         physical abuse
·         psychological abuse
·         violence directed against the respondent's mother
The results showed that at least one adverse childhood experience was reported by 53% of men and 60% of women.
Also See Children: The Lasting Casualties of AOD Induced Family Violence
For complete article go to Stop Drug Induced Abuse & Neglect – Medical Express
 
 

 
What substances are used the most when driving? After alcohol, marijuana is the most commonly used drug.
Check out the graphic below from the National Institute on Drug Abuse about the effects different drugs can have on driving (click to enlarge).
Is Drug Addiction a Brain Disease?
This popular claim lacks evidence and leads to poor policy.
The notion that drug addiction is a brain disease has become axiomatic. Around the globe aspiring health professionals treating substance abuse are indoctrinated with this belief, especially after the idea became popular in the 1990s. Its popularity extends far beyond the hallowed halls of academia. Both the May 1997 Time and the September 2017 National Geographic magazines were dedicated to the brain science of addiction. Numerous other popular magazines have run similar cover stories over the past two decades.
But after 20 years of research, one of us (Hart) saw that paradigm yielding dismal results. Meanwhile, behavioral research on outcomes after providing both animals and humans with attractive alternatives to drugs has yielded positive results regarding effective treatments, despite the lack of mainstream attention.
Despite this seemingly solid scientific consensus, there are virtually no data in humans indicating that addiction is a disease of the brain in the way that, for instance, Huntington’s or Parkinson’s are diseases of the brain. The existing paradigm is based on intuition and political necessity, not on data and useful clinical results. Yet the diseased-brain perspective has outsized influence on research funding and direction, as well as on how drug use and addiction are viewed around the globe. This situation contributes to unrealistic, costly, and harmful drug policies: If the problem is a person’s neurobiological state after exposure to a drug, then either the drug must be eradicated from society through law enforcement or an individual’s brain must be treated. In such a myopic approach, the socioeconomic and societal factors that contribute to drug addiction are considered a footnote in research, clinical practices, and policy, despite their apparent importance. (see also DRR: Dealing With Addiction)
For complete Research Paper go to American Scientist – Is Drug Addiction a Brain Disease?  
 
 
 
Cannabis Conundrum
Cannabis, Policy & Your Community – What is Best Practice?  Webinar with Q&A (Check out all the NEW resources on https://www.dalgarnoinstitute.org.au/resources/the-conundrum-continues.html )
 
CND Vote on Cannabis: World Federation Against Drugs response – What You Need to Know
 
The Need for Evidence Regarding Cannabidiol (CBD)
 

 
How to Get Off Marijuana - Marijuana withdrawal and the depression that follows.
Marijuana takes a long time to recover from. A man in recovery from marijuana addiction spoke at an addiction conference I attended some years ago. He said: "It took three years before the marijuana bubble burst." While it may not take quite that long in every case, it can and usually does take longer than expected. In part this is due to the complex nature of the drug itself, in part how long it takes one's brain to be able to rewire itself, correcting whatever unfortunate changes the pot managed to make.
For complete article:  How to Get Off Marijuana – Psychology Today
 
Is Marijuana a Risk for Domestic Violence?: More than you know!
 
WHO launches year-long campaign to help 100 million people quit tobacco!                           
 (So why not a QUIT Cannabis Campaign too? Hmmm, the cognitive dissonance continues)
WHO today launches a year-long global campaign for World No Tobacco Day 2021 - “Commit to Quit."  The new WHO Quit Challenge on WhatsApp and publication “More than 100 reasons to quit tobacco" are being released today to mark the start of the campaign.
“Commit to Quit”:  The COVID-19 pandemic has led to millions of tobacco users saying they want to quit. The campaign will support at least 100 million people as they try to give up tobacco through communities of quitters and through “quit & win” initiatives
 
 
Cannabis in Pregnancy – Rejoinder, Exposition and Cautionary Tales
The recent paper by Stanciu discussing cannabis use in pregnancy1 makes several useful and highly salient points. With a more complete understanding of the published literature further important patterns in the data emerge. They aid our understanding of the pathobiology of in utero cannabis exposure and thereby powerfully inform the community on the most appropriate manner in which to regulate cannabis and cannabinoids from an improved evidence base.
For complete Article Go to Psychiatric Times October 2020
 
The perceived impact of legalized cannabis on nursing workload in adult and pediatric emergency department visits: A qualitative exploratory study 
Objective: To investigate changes in emergency nursing workload related to cannabis ingestion or inhalation by adult and pediatric patients in states and bordering states where recreational cannabis is legal.
Results: The legalization of recreational cannabis in some US states is reported as resulting in an increase in patients presenting with cyclic vomiting syndromes, and increased difficulty in managing both associated behaviors and repetitive ED presentations. New presentations also include unintentional intoxication in both pediatric and geriatric populations. An unexpected finding was the displacement of local homeless populations by younger, indigent “cannabis tourists”; social services agencies might consider this while planning for cannabis legalization in their state or territory.
Conclusions:To protect public health and safety, regulatory efforts to standardize the formulation, dosing and labeling of cannabis products would be beneficial along with educational initiatives for both consumers and health care providers.
For complete research go to https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/phn.12653
 
Cannabis resin now 25% more potent, global study reveals
Concentrations of intoxicating THC have risen, data from more than 80,000 street drug samples gathered over 50 years shows
Cannabis resin – or “hash” – has increased in strength by nearly 25% over the past half century, a major international study has revealed.
“Cannabis resin is often seen as a safer type of cannabis, but our findings show that it is now stronger than herbal cannabis,” “As the strength of cannabis has increased, so too has the number of people entering treatment for cannabis use problems,” Freeman said. “More Europeans are now entering drug treatment because of cannabis than heroin or cocaine.”
For complete article  https://www.theguardian.com/society/2020/nov/15/cannabis-resin-now-25-more-potent-global-study-reveals 
 
Co-occurrence across time and space of Cannabinoid Exposure & Adverse Mental Health Outcomes 2020
Background: Whilst many studies have linked increased drug and cannabis exposure to adverse mental health (MH) outcomes their effects on whole populations and geotemporospatial relationships are not well understood.
Conclusion: Data show all four indices of mental ill-health track cannabis exposure across space and time and are robust to multivariable adjustment for ethnicity, socioeconomics and other drug use. MH deteriorated with cannabis legalization. Cannabis use-MH data are consistent with causal relationships in the forward direction and include dose-response and temporal-sequential relationships. Together with similar international reports and numerous mechanistic studies preventative action to reduce cannabis use is indicated.
For further study https://bmcpublichealth.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12889-020-09748-5
 
Cannabis Use & Your Babies Heart - Contemporary epidemiology of rising atrial septal defect trends across USA 1991–2016: a combined ecological geospatiotemporal and causal inferential study
Abstract: Background: Cardiovascular anomalies are the largest group of congenital anomalies and the major cause of death in young children, with various data linking rising atrial septal defect incidence (ASDI) with prenatal cannabis exposure. Objectives / Hypotheses:  Is cannabis associated with ASDI in USA? Is this relationship causal?
Results: ASDI rose nationally three-fold from 27.4 to 82.8 / 10,000 births 1991–2014 during a period when tobacco and alcohol abuse were falling but cannabis was rising.
For complete research go to BMC Pediatrics 2020
 
 
Reminder of your ONE STOP Cannabis Info Shop!
The Cannabis Conundrum
 
The Conundrum Continues
 
Cannabis as Medicine?
 
Cannabis Resource Library
 
The Cannabis Conundrum Blog
 
 

 
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