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'Heads Up' eNews Update

June-July 2020

#DemandReduction    #PreventDontPromote
Helpful Tip #7 How NOT to say ‘Yes’ to Drugs!
“The last time I did this it turned out to be horse tranquiliser. I sprained my ankle on the way home and it took me hours to persuade a panel of vets that I shouldn’t be put down!”
(The Great Brain Robbery)

We hope that you are having a great week! If further information and resources are needed please get in touch OR you can visit the extensive No Brainer Website

Have a wonderful day!

 The Education Team
   Helping your school be more proactive and protective




Every single parent, teacher, policy maker and politician needs to watch this...

What Happens When You Mix
MDMA and Alcohol?

Combining MDMA and alcohol increases the risk of adverse or severe side effects. In some cases, side effects can be fatal or cause long-term health problems. Taking both MDMA and alcohol increases the risk of an acute intoxication and accompanying harms. If people think someone has consumed MDMA or too much alcohol or both, they should seek immediate medical help. All use of psychotropic toxins carries risk, both short and long term. No use is best health practice.
For complete article Medical News Today – MDMA & Alcohol Bad Combo
Incidence of assault in Sydney, Australia, throughout 5 years of alcohol trading hour restrictions: controlled before‐and‐after study

Background and aims: In February 2014, pubs and bars in Kings Cross (KX) and the central business district (CBD) of Sydney, Australia were required to stop serving alcohol by 3 a.m. and operate a ‘lockout’ from 1.30 a.m. We studied changes in the incidence of assault during the following 5 years, including possible displacement. Conclusions: The 2014 alcohol supply restrictions for pubs and bars in Kings Cross (KX) and the central business district (CBD) of Sydney, Australia were followed by a substantial reduction in the incidence of assault in KX and to a lesser extent in the CBD, possibly displacing some cases to adjacent areas and earlier in the evening.
For Complete article go to Research Proves Lock Out Saves Lives

Harms of Prescription Opioids – TGA is finally starting the Fix!

We have quantified just some of the short and long term harms of misuse of prescription opioids, particularly in the OST (Opioid Substitute Treatment) Arena. It is way past time to look at evidence-based and successful drug-use exiting recovery therapies.  For more options
Hospitalizations and Deaths Associated with EVALI (Vaping/E-Cigarettes)
As of January 7, 2020, a total of 2558 hospitalized patients with nonfatal cases and 60 patients with fatal cases of e-cigarette, or vaping, product use–associated lung injury (EVALI) had been reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
CONCLUSIONS: Chronic conditions, including cardiac and respiratory diseases and mental health conditions, were common among hospitalized patients with EVALI.

New England Journal of Medicine April 2020
The Future of mental Health & Addiction Treatment
“If we got past psychological diagnosis, disease concepts, and labels, there could be a great improvement in people’s well-being.”

Self-care for Prevention Carers

Is Marijuana Addictive and to What Extent?

Check out our new Site (click on image) and our Cannabis Conundrum Blog
Rapper Quits Waster Weed!
Rapper Stormzy, whose real name is Michael Omari, says he has stopped smoking marijuana, after realising the drug was harming his mental health. And because of who he is, his message is likely to reach a lot of people who urgently need to hear it. He said: “I have suffered with mental health problems for the past few years… When I used to feel depressed, I would lock myself away and smoke weed and I would just get worse and worse and worse.”
Two Sources of Cannabis Addiction
Brain changes from using THC too frequently cause withdrawal and craving. Cannabis causes two distinct changes in brain chemistry, physiology, and function that combine to create dependence. Its main psychoactive ingredient, THC, reduces the normal number of natural cannabinoid receptors, a process called downregulation. THC also alters reward circuitry, bending motivation toward continued cannabis use.                                                    
For complete article go to
Research – Psychology Today
Is Marijuana Safer than Alcohol?
Conclusions: Beyond the role of cognition in vulnerability to substance use, the concurrent and lasting effects of adolescent cannabis use can be observed on important cognitive functions and appear to be more pronounced than those observed for alcohol.
For complete research
The American Journal of Psychiatry
Associations between Recent and Cumulative Cannabis Use and Internalizing Problems in Boys from Adolescence to Young Adulthood (March 2020)
Results showed that:
  1. increases in recent cannabis use and cumulative prior years of weekly cannabis use were each associated with increases in depression symptoms and anxiety/depression problems.
  2. After controlling for time-varying covariates, increases in cumulative prior years of weekly cannabis use, but not recent cannabis use, remained associated with increases in depression symptoms and anxiety/depression problems. Specifically, each additional year of prior weekly cannabis use was associated with a small increase in depression symptoms and anxiety/depression problems.
  3. As boys engaged in weekly cannabis use for more years, they showed increases in internalizing problems, suggesting the importance of preventing chronic weekly cannabis use.
For complete research go to
Association Between the Use of Cannabis and Physical Violence in Youths: A Meta-Analytical Investigation
Conclusions: These results demonstrate a moderate association between cannabis use and physical violence, which remained significant regardless of study design and adjustment for confounding factors (i.e., socioeconomic factors, other substance use). Cannabis use in this population is a risk factor for violence.
(for complete research go to American Journal of Psychiatry – Published May 2020)

Cannabis Exposure During Critical Windows of Development: Epigenetic and Molecular Pathways Implicated in Neuropsychiatric Disease
Developmental cannabis exposure alters epigenetic processes with functional gene consequences. These include potentially heritable alterations in genes and molecular pathways critical for brain development and associated with
  • autism spectrum  disorder (ASD),
  • attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD),
  • schizophrenia,
  • addiction,
  • and other psychiatric diseases.
Springer Academic

Anxiety – Cannabis is NOT your friend
The contribution of cannabis use to variation in the incidence of psychotic disorder across Europe (EU-GEI): a multicentre case-control study

Findings: Daily cannabis use was associated with increased odds of psychotic disorder compared with never users, increasing to nearly five-times increased odds for daily use of high-potency types of cannabis. The PAFs calculated indicated that if high-potency cannabis were no longer available, 12·2% of cases of first-episode psychosis could be prevented (Lancet Journal)

Cannabis use during adolescence and the occurrence of depression, suicidality and anxiety disorder across adulthood: Findings from a longitudinal cohort study over 30 years
• Population-based longitudinal cohort study over 30 years spanning age 19/20 to 49/50
• Cannabis use in adolescence predicted the occurrence of depression and suicidality in adulthood
• Association between adolescent cannabis use and adult depression/suicidality hold when adjusted for various covariates, including time-varying pattern of substance abuse in adulthood
• Younger age at first cannabis use and more frequent use in adolescence related to an particularly increased risk of adult depression
For complete study got to
Science Direct 2020

Smoking cannabis causes bronchitis and changes to lung function


Marijuana plant.
Cannabis is harmful to the lungs, but in a different way to tobacco, causing significant respiratory symptoms such as bronchitis with evidence to suggest it can result in destructive lung disease – sometimes referred to as ‘bong lung’ – in heavy cannabis users….“We believe policies around the liberalisation of cannabis should consider the potential impacts on the lungs.
For complete article

Motor vehicle accidents a leading cause of cannabis-related deaths
In the first Australian study of its kind, 559 cannabis-related deaths identified between 2000 and 2018 have been examined by researchers at the National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre (NDARC), UNSW Sydney.
The leading cause of 
death was accidental injury (30 percent), followed by suicide (25 percent), and polysubstance toxicity (17 percent).
Lead author, Ms Emma Zahra said 
motor vehicle accidents were the leading cause of accidental injury deaths (75 percent).
"One in five motor vehicle accident deaths were pedestrians, highlighting that acute cannabis and polysubstance intoxication can affect 
information processing and perception of risk."
None of the deaths identified were due to cannabis toxicity alone.
The mean age of death was 35.8 years and more than 80 percent of cases were male. 62 percent were aged under 40 years with the highest proportion of cases in the 30-39 age bracket.
"Men were over-represented and were three times more likely to die due to accidental injury than women," said Ms Zahra
For complete article go to
MedicalXpress April 2020

Beware the Side Effects of Medical Marijuana
Marijuana can have serious interactions with more than 20 different drugs, and moderate interactions with almost 300, according to
It can also trigger anxiety and paranoia, as reported by study published in the Journal of Cannabis Research. Scientists at the University of Washington discovered that more than half of 1,500 students surveyed had experienced anxiety and/or paranoia while using cannabis. Coughing fits, chest/lung discomfort, and body humming affected a subset of students 30% to 40% of the time.
But short-term repercussions aren't the only newly discovered side effects. Lab-based research shows that THC (marijuana's psychoactive ingredient) keeps fertilized eggs from maturing by interfering with gene expression.
And yes, smoking pot does increase the risk of serious infection with COVID-19.

For complete article Read Newsmax: Beware the Side Effects of Medical Marijuana |

Using cannabis during pregnancy could be bad news for your baby: new research
We saw bigger differences in these neonatal outcomes for women who used cannabis more than once a week than for those who used it less often.
We also found severe complications following birth, such as breathing problems and the need for admission to a specialist neonatal unit, were twice as likely for babies of mothers who continued to use cannabis at 15 weeks compared to babies of mothers who didn’t report using cannabis. This is cause for concern as these outcomes are strongly linked to future child health and development. For complete article
The Conversation June 2020
“Most people have been conned into using the word ‘overdose’ regarding illicit drugs! No such thing! Why? Because it clearly implies there is a 'safe' dose which can be taken - and everyone knows that's a lie. The same goes for the words 'use' and abuse'. Those terms can only be applied to prescribed pharmaceuticals because they have a prescribed safe dose. For example, I have asked each jurisdiction in Australia if the legal amount of alcohol when driving, up to 0.49, is considered safe for driving. All said no - they would not state that!”
Drug Watch International


The Ambulance or the Fence, which is better?

 “I’d rather not – I was hoping to use my brain to make a living!”

Some ideas on how NOT to say YES to drugs!  Notice how we didn’t use the ‘N’ Word – So not cool to use the ‘N’ word, right?
(The Great Brain Robbery)

Step By Step Guide to PLANET YOUTH AOD Prevention Model
QUICK READS: Click on the Hyperlink to read more.

Weed – Dismantling the Brain!

Victims of Weed! Their Stories Matter!

Attackers Smoked Cannabis Blog
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 Dalgarno Institute Education Team
   Helping your school be more proactive and protective
 (Coalition Of Alcohol & Drug Educators)
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