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The Fence or the Ambulance
HEADS UP PARENTS/TEACHERS/COACHES/MENTORS and other Educators!
Protective Factor Number One in Drug Use Prevention Science for our Kids.
Protective Factor Number One in Drug Use Prevention Science: In Denying or Delaying Uptake of
Substances the Key Protective Factor for Your Children/Students is the “Belief that Drug are Bad”
Latest research out of University of Illinois, and not before time, has published what has been intuitively known for decades – That is that the key, and it would appear overarching, protective factor against substance use uptake is the ‘Belief that drug use is wrong’. (Also, parental reinforcement of this belief, along with honest caring and proactive parenting of the child as the other bookend of this primary protective factor) For full research go to Protective Factors – No Brainer Curriculum
Substance Use Disorder in Adolescence Persists Later in Life in Most Cases – Deny and Delay Uptake!
New study shows that those who had substance use disorder (SUD) symptoms when they were 18 years are more likely to have SUD symptoms in adulthood, more likely to use prescription drugs and more likely to have prescription drug misuse compared to those who had no SUD symptoms at 18 years. The risks are higher with those who had severe SUD symptoms when they were 18 years. (Dalgarno Institute – This is further vital evidence of the need to focus on Demand Reduction in for the emerging generation.  Also see  Protective Factor Number One in Drug Use Prevention Science)
For complete research go JAMA: Longitudinal Analysis of Substance Use Disorder Symptom Severity at Age 18 Years and Substance Use Disorder in Adulthood
E-Cigarettes labelled ‘public health crisis’          A damning Research has warned of the “public health crisis” E-Cigarettes are creating, putting a new generation at risk of a range of illnesses. (Australian National University)
Tricks or Truth: Feminization of Alcohol Advertising 
Pink, glitter, “mummy juice” or “wine o’clock” time… alcohol selling strategies that can be patronizing and damaging have proliferated in recent years. The alcohol industry has shifted from using women to sell alcohol to men, to using feminine and feminist signals to sell alcohol to women.
And now we are seeing a shift in the culture of women’s alcohol use – driven by targeted alcohol marketing. For example, the liquor market has been able develop and market products that appeal to women’s tastes and lifestyle choices. We are now exposed to alcohol adverts focusing on slimness, weight, pink packaging, low calories and messages of empowerment in celebration of women in association with International Women’s Day, Valentine’s Day and even Mother’s Day.
“Being told a product is “empowering” is not the same thing as actually being empowered.”
Caroline Kahiu
Check more here.
Can drinking too much alcohol cause a heart attack?
A heart attack is a medical emergency that results from the interruption of blood flow to the heart. Excessive alcohol use has associations with an increased risk of a heart attack.
Take Away
Drinking excess alcohol over a long period can damage the structure and function of the heart, increasing a person’s risk of heart attack and heart failure.
A person who drinks heavily might experience complications such as high blood pressure, arrhythmia, and stroke.
Therefore, people with heart disease or risk factors should stop drinking or limit their alcohol intake to reduce their risk of a heart attack
For complete article  (medicalnewstoday.com)
A Human Rights Based Approach to Alcohol Policy: the WHO Global Alcohol Action Plan and Beyond
Prof. Amandine Garde shares her analysis of the strengths and gaps of the draft WHO Global Alcohol Plan. Maik and Amandine discuss the potential of a human rights-based approach to improving the global and regional alcohol policy response. They talk about alcohol issues, such as labelling, trade, taxation, and the harm caused by the products and practices of the alcohol industry – from a human rights law perspective. And they dive into why and how governments should act collectively to protect people from alcohol harm For complete Podcast go to  A Human Rights Based Approach to Alcohol Policy: Movendi International
‘Downers’ and other Barbiturate Abuse.
(This is where the term ‘overdose’ is legitimate. Any drug not legally prescribed cannot be ‘overdosed’ on. Taking these drugs is an act of self-poisoning.)
People who abuse barbiturates use them to obtain a “high,” which is described as being similar to alcohol intoxication, or to counteract the effects of stimulant drugs.
  • In small doses, the person who abuses barbiturates feels drowsy, disinhibited, and intoxicated.
  • In higher doses, the user staggers as if drunk, develops slurred speech, and is confused.
  • At even higher doses, the person is unable to be aroused (coma) and may stop breathing. Death is possible.
It is important to note that the difference between the dose causing drowsiness and one causing death may be small. In the medical profession, this difference is called a narrow therapeutic index, which is the ratio of a drug's toxic dose to its therapeutically desirable dose. This is the reason why barbiturates are dangerous. It is also why barbiturates are not often prescribed today.
Symptoms of withdrawal
Symptoms of withdrawal or abstinence include tremors, difficulty sleeping, and agitation. These symptoms can become worse, resulting in life-threatening symptoms, including hallucinations, high temperature, and seizures.
For more go to click here.
Kombucha – No, it Ain’t ‘All That!’
Stay away from this drink if you have a weakened immune system or a long-term health condition -- especially liver, kidney, or lung disease. Don’t drink it if you’re pregnant. It’s not for young children either. For more Dalgarno Institute’s Isabella’s List Updates
So, When Can I Burn My Bridges Again? | by No Brainer | Medium
Hospo’ Drinking Culture – Having the Healthy Conversation!
Drinking alcohol during or after a shift has long been common practice among hospitality workers, especially male hospitality workers.
However, attitudes toward alcohol are starting to change. As part of VicHealth’s Men’s Risky Drinking Initiative, “Hospo drinking cultures” seeks to amplify these changes through a series of short animated documentaries. The animated documentaries feature personal experiences of how men are navigating and changing hospitality drinking cultures to facilitate low risk drinking, alternative ways of winding down after a shift, and care between hospitality workers. (Watch the conversations and also check out www.greaterrisk.com)
Steven Tyler voluntarily entering drug treatment program after relapse: This is a significant downside of addiction - Legitimate pharmaceutical use can trigger a relapse. The sad reality, is your life is changed forever, and in one real sense you don't fully recover. That’s why we focus on ‘Fence Building’ – Denying and/or delaying uptake of these life unravelling and, all too often, destroying, substances. (See Also DJ AM Tragic Story Aerosmith Front man, Steven Tyler, voluntarily entering drug treatment program after relapse. (nobrainer.org.au)
Alcohol use and harm during COVID-19: Second Report – F.A.R.E.
Key findings: With Australia now well into the third year of this pandemic, there is clear evidence on the growing harms from alcohol. The report found: 
  • High levels of stress and anxiety, as well as boredom and isolation, have been identified as key drivers of risky alcohol use during the pandemic
  • Studies have also found childcare pressures and employment instability were drivers of increased alcohol use
  • Increases in alcohol-related deaths and soaring demand for support services
Full report 

(D.I Comment: The Alcohol Industry were very quick to cash in on self-medicating pursuits activities during the Pandemic. State governments did not help the vulnerable either. If fact, most unleashed even greater accessibility to alcohol, in some instances classing it as an ‘essential service’. The short term gratuitous ‘win’ for the (in these vulnerabilities) addiction for profit industry have a price. Not only the health and well-being of the vulnerable citizens, but the escalating costs of immediate and future care for both acute and chronic alcohol use. It’s time the industry was accountable for the burden of disease it – as in these pandemic circumstances – aggressively worsened.)
Challenges in Identifying Novel Psychoactive Substances and a Stronger Path Forward
The importance of non-targeted testing to keep pace with a rapidly evolving synthetic opioid market.
The synthetic opioid market…is constantly evolving. Once a new substance is identified, it may only be prevalent for three to six months before it’s replaced by something new and yet to be identified by forensic laboratories.
For example, over one weekend in July 2018, Philadelphia-area hospitals experienced a surge of more than 100 patients with suspected opioid overdoses.
For complete article  Novel Psychoactive Substances and a Stronger Path Forward | National Institute of Justice (ojp.gov)
Predatorial Liquor Industry still largely unchecked! And who is paying the awful price?
Linda's son bought 11 bottles of vodka in his final 10 days. She's now pushing for changes to liquor licensing laws: "We've got this massive drinking culture, just like America's got the gun culture, but we don't see it the same…But how many are we losing to that culture? And we're letting it happen. "We'll say, 'America, put down your guns'; here, we're not prepared to change at all, we're not prepared to put down our beers or our vodkas because there's too much money involved."
 
The mother of a Melbourne man who died of alcohol toxicity is pushing for changes to liquor licensing laws and for greater scrutiny for people who sell alcohol to problem drinkers.
Key points:
  • In Victoria, liquor licensing laws are supposed to stop bars and bottle shops from serving anyone who is intoxicated
  • There are fewer than 50 inspectors monitoring almost 25,000 licensed venues across Victoria
  • There was an almost 30 per cent increase in alcohol retail sales from 2019 to 2021
For complete story
You Can’t Say NO to Drugs?? What The?? (World Drug Day 2022)
NO! is one of the most empowering protective factors in the toolkit of well-being.  We aggressively – and rightly so – promote campaigns that are unashamedly protective and at the centre of these messages is always a prohibition – a ‘NO.’
  • We say NO to violence against women and children 
  • We say NO to Bullying and abuse
  • We say NO to an ‘acceptable’ road toll through the ZERO campaign
  • We say NO to Tobacco through the QUIT Campaign 
  • We say NO to Crime, to Littering, to Neglect to various abuses and so on….
  • We say NO to things that harm, hurt, diminish and/or take from our children, families, and communities
For complete article ‘YOU CAN’T SAY NOT TO DRUGS!’ What The??
Can’t Say No To Drugs YouTube Playlist HERE
Vaping and GERD – Further Harms Inflicted!
Although vaping is relatively new and studies are limited, some research suggests that it may worsen GERD symptoms. Nicotine and other chemicals in e-cigarettes may cause inflammation and affect the function of the valve that prevents stomach acid from rising into the esophagus.  The authors suggest that vaping may cause mucosal injury, oxidative stress, and DNA damage. In addition, they note that the inconsistent regulation of e-cigarettes can result in people inhaling unknown chemicals and toxins.
What is the relationship between vaping and GERD? (medicalnewstoday.com
Effect of Marijuana on Brain Health
TAKE-HOME MESSAGE
  • In this AHA Scientific Statement, numerous effects of marijuana on brain health are described. These include the effects of:
1) prenatal cannabinoid exposure as well as abnormal fetal neurotransmission in preclinical models and its impact on neuroanatomic areas associated with cognition and emotional regulation;
2) marijuana use on human cognition focusing on possible structural and functional changes in areas involved in cognition, potential detrimental effects of early cannabis exposure on cognition, and multidomain impact of acute marijuana intoxication; and
3) marijuana use on cerebrovascular disease risk, highlighting an association between cannabis use and increased risk of stroke.
  • Overall, cumulative evidence suggests that consumption of marijuana may have detrimental effects on brain health, challenging widely accepted beliefs that marijuana is innocuous.
For complete research go to – John W. Ostrominski, MD ( PracticeUpdate) (Published in Neurology)
‘Medicinal Cannabis’         
(Dalgarno Submission to Queensland Health & QScript 2022)
Cannabis: How it Effects our Cognition and Mental Health – New Research
Three recent studies on cannabis – in The Journal of PsychopharmacologyNeuropsychopharmacology and International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology – show that it can impair cognitive and psychological processes. University of Cambridge researchers explain.

Reward, motivation and mental health
Cannabis use can also affect how we feel – thereby further influencing our thinking. For example, some previous research has suggested that reward and motivation – along with the brain circuits involved in these processes – can be disrupted when we use cannabis. This may affect our performance at school or work as it can make us feel less motivated to work hard, and less rewarded when we do well.
Assessing 2,437 adolescents and young adults (14-24 years), the authors reported a six percentage points increased risk – from 15% to 21% – of psychotic symptoms in cannabis users without a predisposition for psychosis. But there was a 26-point increase in risk – from 25% to 51% – of psychotic symptoms in cannabis users with a predisposition for psychosis.
(Also see All Cannabis Users Face Psychosis Risk”)
Original Post Cannabis: DB Recovery Resources14/04/2022
Cannabis Ages You – and Fast! Lifetime marijuana use and epigenetic age acceleration: A 17-year prospective examination
Abstract - Aims: This study was designed to assess links between lifetime levels of marijuana use and accelerated epigenetic aging.
Design: Prospective longitudinal study, following participants annually from age 13 to age 30.
Conclusions: Marijuana use predicted epigenetic changes linked to accelerated aging, with evidence suggesting that effects may be primarily due to hydrocarbon inhalation among marijuana smokers. Further research is warranted to explore mechanisms underlying this linkage.
For complete research click here.
 
United States marijuana legalization and opioid mortality epidemic during 2010–2020 and pandemic implications
Author links open overlay panel.

Highlights
  • Many states and District of Columbia in the United States have legalized marijuana.
  • One reason is to expect marijuana to help reduce opioid dependence and mortality.
  • However, opioid deaths have increased more where marijuana was legalized.
  • This correlation is highly statistically significant for all opioids and fentanyl subgroup.
  • The COVID-19 pandemic increased marijuana use and worsened opioid mortality
Conclusion: Instead of supporting the marijuana protection hypothesis, ecologic associations at the national level suggest that marijuana legalization has contributed to the U.S.’s opioid epidemic in all major races/ethnicities, and especially in blacks. If so, the increased use of marijuana during the 2020–2022 pandemic may thereby worsen the country's opioid crisis.
 
For complete research click here.
Brain Disease from Gummy Bears!
Children eating the grown ups ‘medicinal marijuana’ Gummy Bears, being not only sedated but experiencing a disease that affects brain structure and/or function. Encephalopathy causes altered mental state and confusion – Welcome to THC – and its analogues – use!

Sedation and Acute Encephalopathy in a Pediatric Patient Following Ingestion of Delta-8-Tetrahydrocannabinol Gummies
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of delta-8 THC-containing products in the illicit drug market is increasing rapidly. Delta-8 THC products are now available in gas stations and in headshops. The clinical presentation of delta-8 THC exposure is similar to known effects of delta-9 THC exposure. These similarities limit the clinicians' abilities to determine the specific substance ingested. Symptomatic and supportive care remains an effective treatment for cannabinoid toxicity.
For complete research click here.
Cannabis and Your Heart!
Cannabis Use Disorder is Associated with Arrhythmia in Adolescents and Young Adult

Cannabis use is often promoted as safe, natural, and even healthy. The findings of this study call these assumptions into question.
A picture containing clipart

Description automatically generated Several hypotheses propose a causal mechanism, and more research is needed to explore the link between cannabis use and arrhythmia. There is an urgent need to understand the health impacts of cannabis use given the rapidly changing legal landscape, which has led to new and increasingly potent cannabis products.
For more Boston University | Alcohol, Other Drugs, and Health: Current Evidence (bu.edu)
Further Research
Birth Defects
Thalidomide “only” causes 33 birth defects.
  • In USA cannabis is linked with 46 / 62.
  • In cannabis is linked with 89 / 95.
  • Moreover, cannabis shares 12 of the 13 mechanisms of action of thalidomide.
  • All 45 associated in USA were also associated in Europe.
  • 65/69 assessable European congenital anomalies were also linked in the USA data.
  • 59% of the human genome is directly impacted by cannabis genotoxicity.
 
Cancer
  • 25/34 Cancers in USA cannabinoid related
  • 33/40 Cancers in Europe cannabis related
  • 96% of 25 USA Cancers confirmed in European dataset
  • 97% of 24 European cancers confirmed in USA dataset
 
Cannabis is driving the 50% rise in pediatric cancer.  This is due to inheritable genotoxic damage to parents which become manifest in the offspring.
It has also driven the rise in Acute Lymphoid Leukaemia which is the commonest childhood cancer of all.
It has also driven the 100% rise in testicular cancer in USA. 

Is Cannabis the New Thalidomide? Cannabis use and Limb Reduction now clinically associated
Limb reductions (LR) are rare and dramatic defects which were first described several thousand years ago in the literature of antiquity (Bermejo-Sanchez et al., 2011b, 2011a). More recently they received prominence as the hallmark and initial indication of the teratogenic action of the drug thalidomide (Bermejo-Sanchez et al., 2011b, 2011a). LR includes both absence of proximal limb elements (intercalary segments, phocomelia) as well as complete limb absence (amelia) • Limb reduction rates (LRR) were associated with cannabis use, and THC potency.
For complete Research click here.
 
Effect of Marijuana on Brain Health (Practice Update: TAKE-HOME Message)
  • In this AHA Scientific Statement, numerous effects of marijuana on brain health are described. These include the effects of: 1) prenatal cannabinoid exposure as well as abnormal fetal neurotransmission in preclinical models and its impact on neuroanatomic areas associated with cognition and emotional regulation; 2) marijuana use on human cognition focusing on possible structural and functional changes in areas involved in cognition, potential detrimental effects of early cannabis exposure on cognition, and multidomain impact of acute marijuana intoxication; and 3) marijuana use on cerebrovascular disease risk, highlighting an association between cannabis use and increased risk of stroke.
  • Overall, cumulative evidence suggests that consumption of marijuana may have detrimental effects on brain health, challenging widely accepted beliefs that marijuana is innocuous. (Effect of Marijuana on Brain Health | PracticeUpdate)
The Addiction for Profit Industry Expands! Big Weed is Big Tobacco 2.0.
In fact, Big Tobacco has been investing in or buying up #cannabisindustry 
stakeholders to add to their new 'guaranteed users' line of products – psychoactive and addictive #marijuana. Check out the Video Here.

Do gummy bears work for COPD? Short Answer NO!

People take cannabis in several ways to try to relieve the symptoms of COPD.
ResearchTrusted Source indicates that smoking and vaping cannabis or CBD may cause respiratory symptoms such as:
  • wheezing
  • coughing
  • shortness of breath
Therefore, edible cannabis or CBD may be preferable.
 
However, edibles take longerTrusted Source to produce effects than smoking cannabis, so there is a risk of people ingesting too much because they are not feeling anything.
The existing research on CBD for COPD and lung function is conflicting. For example, a small 2018 study found no beneficial effects of vaporizing cannabis for adults with advanced COPD.
Another reviewTrusted Source concludes that cannabis smokers do not appear to develop airflow obstruction and COPD. Meanwhile, a 2020 laboratory studyTrusted Source found that cannabis oil extract may modulate the immune processes that cause inflammation in the airways in COPD.
There is currently no clear evidence that CBD is effective in treating COPD or reducing any of its symptoms. People with COPD should not take CBD or THC products without first seeking a doctor’s advice.
Cautions
CBD gummies may cause side effects or interact with prescribed medications. The FDATrusted Source is uncertain of the adverse reactions or possible risks associated with the long-term use of CBD products.
The federal agency advises people that CBD can cause various adverse effects, includingTrusted Source:
  • changes in alertness, drowsiness, or sleepiness
  • diarrhea, changes in appetite, or both
  • changes in mood
  • liver injury
  • interactions with medications, drugs, or alcohol
  • damage to fertility
A person should speak with a doctor before taking these CBD products. Anyone who uses these products and then experiences negative effects should also seek medical advice.
For complete article Gummy bears for COPD?: (medicalnewstoday.com)
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