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FutureGas Newsletter #2
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FutureGas Newsletter

FutureGas includes all major stakeholders of the Danish Gas Industry,
as well as several international partners. Through coordinated research across the gas sector, the project will analyse and calculate how best to make use the natural gas grid.

 

News from the Project Management


A lot is happening within the FutureGas project. The following news is meant to provide stakeholders with a peak into the engine room of the FutureGas project at this point in time.

The
management group and DTU PHD/postdocs is working on establishing a PhD/postdoc course, where PhDs and postdocs attached to the project will get a chance to learn about the Danish gas system. In the coming time, they will be contacting partners of the project in a request for them to add presentations of selected relevant topics to the course.

Also, case analyses are being made from various RE gas facilities of interest throughout the country. This will be done with the intent of collecting input to the conceptual modelling of the gas system as well as to analyse the existing regulations.

Furthermore, we are working on the implementation of RE gas production technologies into Balmorel, adding scenarios provided by Energinet.dk as well as existing regulations and market conditions.

Finally, a workshop concerning modelling of transportation is planned, with participation from Chalmers, Energinet.dk, EA Energy Analysis as well as participants of the COMETs and SHIFT projects.

Progress made

In this article you will get a glimpse of the work and challenges of the project so far.

The FutureGas-project has begun
Probably the most ambitious project in recent time on the Danish gas grid is now up and running. The FutureGas project involves many of the crucial actors within the Northern European gas sector and the results of the project will be published on a continually basis for debate via FutureGas.dk and in this English newsletter.

On October 12-13, the consortium of the FutureGas-project was gathered for the first face-to-face meeting within the project. This marked the official ‘kick-off’ of a major project within the gas sector in Denmark. The Innovation Fund Denmark is co-investor in the project that between 2016-2019 will analyse the potential for gas in the future in the Danish energy system. Many scenarios for a 2035 and 2050 energy system, have a high focus on the electricity sector leaving a very small room for gas in the system, which then results in very high OPEX for gas technologies. However, gas technologies are of great importance and in contrast to the many electricity analysis’, FutureGas will take its starting point in the gas sector.

The project partners are aware that solutions need to have an international focus. Although there are specific challenges relating to the Danish gas and energy system, climate change is international, and that is one of the reasons why influential researchers from Holland, UK, France and Sweden are also a part of the project and hence the analysis and the suggestions for solutions. At the kick-off seminar, a few partners gave presentations to provide inspiration for the future work.

From Holland Rolf Kunneke from Delft University of Technology could report about large amounts of natural gas in the Dutch underground and up until a few years ago, the public mood was all pro gas. Just about 89% of the population is connected to the gas grid and therefor gas is a vital source of energy all over Holland. Throughout 2006-2015 the country has suffered from several earthquakes due to massive extraction of natural gas from the underground in the northern part of the country. This has changed the way the population perceive gas and many Dutch people are ready to abandon gas as a future energy solution. This however leaves the Dutch politicians with a dilemma: the national gas grid is old and needs a renovation – should the politicians renovate the old grid or should they change horses in midstream, and what is the alternative?

From University of Exeter in Great Britain Cathrine Mitchell and Richard Lowes gave the project partners an update on the British situation in regards to energy systems. The tipping point in British gas import/export was 2004. Here the net export shifted to a net import of natural gas. In line with the Dutch situation, a high number of 85 % of the population is connected to the national gas grid. 71 % of the heat comes from gas and 33 % of all power is generated from gas. The huge question facing the UK is: who are going to supply this gas in the future? The first fracking sites are already established, but they cause major environmental concern.

From Florence School of Regulation, European University Institute, an update on the harmonisation of EU gas regulation was given by Jean-Michel Glachant. First of all, Glachant pointed out the difficulty in making common regulations within the European Union and especially the work that needs to be done on finding common understanding of the terms ‘gas’, ‘EU’ and ‘regulation’. Furthermore, he pointed to the question of security of supply of energy, where especially the Eastern European countries at times are concerned about a potential gas shutdown from Russia.
 
All these, rather crucial, questions will be linked to the challenges that we face within the future Danish Energy system in the FutureGas-project.

 

Meet the project partners


12 partners are involved in the FutureGas project which Innovation Fund Denmark has funded the project with a major grand. The partners are DTU Management Engineering, Aarhus University, Chalmers University of Technology, The University of Exeter, The European University Institute, Delft University of Technology and The Danish Gas Technology Centre as research partners. They will work closely with the industrial representatives from HMN Natural Gas A/S, DONG Energy A/S, NGF Nature Energy A/S and consultants from PlanEnergi, EA Energy Analysis, RAM-Løse EDB and the dissemination partner, the Danish Partnership for Hydrogen and Fuel Cells. Furthermore the Danish Energy Agency and Energinet.dk are also project partners.

The FutureGas project-circle has recently been expanded to include several PhD’s. In the years to come they will work on the FutureGas project full time and play a big role in the success of the project. The PhD’s will work jointly at the universities and the private company partners and will therefore also link the two worlds even closer to each other.

To get to know them better we asked them all three questions. Please say ‘Hi’ to:
Frauke Wiese, DTU Management Engineering
- My role in the FutureGas project is to get all the knowledge from the project partners sorted so that we can model the role of gas in an integrated energy system model. I work mainly in WP 4 – the modeling crew.
- The thing I'm looking most forward to is steadily gaining knowledge about the role of renewable gas and contributing to shaping the pathways to sustainable energy systems.
- Electric or gas stove? I now have an electric stove but actually use my gas camping cooker for the coffee in the morning because it is so much faster.
Dejene Assefa, Chalmers University of Technology
- My role in the FutureGas project is: I will be participating in WP3 - gas for transport. My main role will be on the modelling of various transport gas technologies for a system perspective scenarios analysis. The aim is to identify economic competitiveness and least-cost transport decarbonization pathways while allowing, in the model, other green fleet technologies to compete.
- The thing I’m looking forward to the most is working together with others as one, for the FutureGas project to be a success!
- Electric or gas stove? The short answer is: it depends! The long answer is as follows: As an environmental friendly person, if the sources of electricity are renewable, I would prefer to use an electric stove rather than a gas stove, though it destroy a huge amount of exergy (the quality of electric energy).
Rasmus Bramstoft, DTU Management
- My role in the FutureGas project is to be the Ph.D. student in work package 4 (WP4) which will mean working on modelling of the gas system as an integrated part of the future energy system. I will contribute both to the development of a novel modelling framework comprising the total energy system, and to implement this framework in the existing energy system optimization model, Balmorel. I will conduct analyses with the improved Balmorel model which will provide cost-efficient solutions and allow assessments of the value of different parts of the gas system as an integrated part of the overall energy system.
- The thing I’m looking most forward to is to develop a novel modelling framework for the gas system as an integrated part of the energy system in close cooperation with the industry partners.
- Electric or gas stove? Electric
Stefanie Buchholz, DTU Management
- My role in the FutureGas project is to contribute with improved mathematical modelling of the energy systems. Through analysis of the mathematical problems connected to modelling of large integrated systems I will develop solutions to handle the large numbers of variables and equations imposed in large energy system models. This work will act as a support function to the rest of the FutureGas project. My success criteria is to provide a toolbox for WP4 containing developed methods for future projects, guidelines for solving energy models as Balmorel/Sifre and methods/guidelines on how to handle uncertainty. Also automation/semi-automation methods for aggregation and solution methods for solving energy models with logic constraints without solving-times getting too large.
- The thing I'm looking most forward to is to contribute to real life problems and provide methods which create actual value. Also, getting the opportunity to use all my knowledge and to achieve new knowledge and by that evolve my professional profile, and to get a new and great network.
- Electric or gas stove? At home I have an electric stove, but I like the idea of a gas stove.
Negar Sadegh, DGC
- My role in the Future Gas project is to investigate the impact of gas qualification on different gas appliances. I am employed by DTU as a postdoc for 2 years, located at DGC and mainly wok with Jean Schweitzer from DGC and Marie Münster from DTU.
- The thing I’m looking forward to the most is to do a quantitative evaluation on impact of gas quality on appliance, to find a solution to broaden gas quality variation and to perform required laboratory tests.
- Electric or gas stove? Personally, I prefer gas stoves.
Tara Sabbagh Amirkhizi
- My role in the FutureGas project is to conduct research for WP 6 in order to develop a regulation framework which takes the integration of renewable gas in the Danish energy mix into consideration. Also the synergies between power, heat and gas markets need to be taken into account in order to provide a growth field for renewable gas.
- The thing I’m looking forward to the most is the information exchange with stakeholders across Europe.
- Electric or gas stove? FutureGas stove.
This is the 2nd edition of the Future Gas Newsletter. The newsletter will be published twice a year and will contain news and information about the progress of FutureGas. If you have news or stories related to the project, that you would like mentioned in a future edition of the newsletter, please contact Josefine Jørgensen at jj@hydrogennet.dk
 
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Brintbranchen · Vodroffsvej 59 · Frederiksberg 1900 · Denmark

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