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Vision Zero: road safety newsletter from Brake about global research and initiatives in road safety and sustainable transport.
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Global initiatives


World Remembrance Day
World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims is Sunday 20 November. The theme is: "Vital post-crash actions: Medical Care, Investigation, Justice!"

High-level reports on sustainable transport

Two high-level reports focus nations on sustainable transport and its power to reduce, collectively, casualties, greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, air pollution, and poverty, following the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals in 2015.

Mobilising Sustainable Transport for Development, published by the UN-convened High-Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport, advocates ‘multi-modal, collective’ mobility solutions, and not ‘mobility based on individual motorised transport’ to achieve sustainable transport that is “safe, affordable, accessible, efficient, and resilient, while minimising carbon and other emissions.” In response, a zero draft, Sustainable Mobility for All (SuM4All), is in preparation and expected to give direction on how to track progress in nations. The draft will be discussed at the inaugural UN-convened Global Conference on Sustainable Transport, in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, 26-27 November.

Actionable Vision of Transport Decarbonisation was launched at COP22 in Marrakech by the Paris Process on Mobility and Climate on behalf of the Global Climate Action Agenda Transport Team. This discussion document proposes a global “road map” for decarbonising transport by 2050.

Vehicles

 
Research: Basic car passive safety

More than 440,000 deaths and serious injuries in cars in Argentina, Chile, Mexico and Brazil could be prevented between 2016 and 2030 if minimum passive safety features (occupant protection and seat belts) were legislated, according to TRL (the UK’s Transport Research Laboratory) in its report The potential for vehicle safety standards to prevent deaths and injuries in Latin America, commissioned by Global NCAP.    

Action: Crash test proves the point

Global NCAP demonstrated the poor performance of a Mexican-sold, zero-starred Nissan Tsuru in a car-to-car crash test with a US-sold, five-starred Nissan Versa, conducted at the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety in Virginia, US. (On the eve of the test, Nissan announced they would stop manufacturing the Tsuru in Mexico.)

Research: Fuel economy and ULEVs

The Global Fuel Economy Initiative (campaigning to double fuel economy in new vehicles by 2030), has published GFEI - An Update for COP22. The report showcases countries’ initiatives, and supports the call to end government fossil fuel subsidies.

GFEI’s report Can we achieve 100m plug-in cars by 2030? authored by UC Davis Institute of Transportation Studies outlines the challenge of growing the global fleet of electric cars, and the importance of price incentives to encourage ownership of mid and low range electric cars.

Research: Stable electric bicycles

The SOFIE project by the University of Twente’s department of biomechanical engineering, is developing electric bicycles that aim to help elderly or disabled cyclists (for example through adjustable seats and low step in). Read article Sofie: a bicycle that supports older cyclists?
 

Infrastructure

 
Report: Pavements for Africa

An FIA Foundation and Amend report Step change: An action agenda on safe walking for Africa’s children advocates the vital importance of infrastructure to provide pavements and slow down traffic in Africa.

Action: Cycling task force for Scotland

The Scottish government is setting up a taskforce to develop the country’s cycling infrastructure including segregated cycle paths as part of an ‘absolute commitment to increasing active travel rates’.

Action: Cycling plan for Chicago

In the USA, Chicago’s Streets for cycling plan outlines the city’s vision and plans for prioritised cycling infrastructure, including segregated routes to encourage and enable people who don’t cycle due to fear.

Speed


Research: Average speed cameras

Average speed cameras in Britain achieved a 36.4% reduction in the mean rate of fatal and serious collisions in their post-installation period, found the RAC Foundation’s report The Effectiveness of Average Speed Cameras in Great Britain.

Action: Pester power app

Child car passengers in Romania can use a children’s phone app to monitor, via GPS, the speed of their driver and then be encouraged to tell them to slow down.  Mr Bear Driver is developed by the Automobile Club of Romania and funded by FIA Road Safety Grants.

 

Road safety enforcement and criminal justice


Action: Hand-held phones

After concluding a public consultation, the British government is planning to legislate tougher penalties for hand-held mobile phone use, including doubling driver licence infringement points from three to six (a licence can be revoked if 12 points are accumulated).

 
For more information on Brake’s For more information on Brake’s work, visit Brake’s websites in the UK and New Zealand at brake.org.uk and brake.org.nz
 
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