January 2016


PASTEUR4OA supports the development and reinforcement of Open Access strategies and policies at the national level in alignment with the European Commission's 2012 Recommendation on Access to Scientific Information and the Open Access Mandate for Horizon 2020.


Newsletter Highlights

▪ PASTEUR4OA: new advocacy resources released online
▪ PASTEUR4OA article: Aligning European OA policies with the Horizon 2020 OA policy
PASTEUR4OA conference: Green Light for Open Access: Aligning Europe’s OA Policies 

 PASTEUR4OA regional workshops
▪ RECODE project launches a recommendations portal

Open Access updates from Austria
Public consultations on Open Science Recommendations in Estonia
Road to Open Access promoted by Latvian Universities
 Updates on Open Science and Open Access from Latvia
▪ Updates on Open Access from the Netherlands
▪ Trends in the development of Open Access to publications and research results in Poland
Conference on Open Access and licensing of toll access journals in Slovenia


New advocacy resources released online


PASTEUR4OA has develop an extensive suite of advocacy resources tailored to the needs of policymakers at the national, institutional and funder levels. One of the key objectives of these resources is to support policymakers in developing or reinforcing OA policies. The most recently published resources that are now available on the website include:

  • Case studies on OA policy implementation from the Universities of Liege, Turin, University College London and the University of Minho;

  • Case study on the Austrian Science Fund OA policy;
  • Briefing Paper on Open Access to research data;
  • Briefing Paper on monitoring compliance with Open Access policies;
  • Briefing Paper on the role of Open Access in facilitating knowledge transfer from the academic to the private sector.

PASTEUR4OA article: Aligning European OA policies with the Horizon 2020 OA policy

This PASTEUR4OA article considers that the Horizon 2020 (H2020) Open Access (OA) policy can be adopted as a policy model in European Research Area (ERA) countries for the development and increasing alignment of OA policies. Accordingly, the OA policy landscape in five ERA countries – Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, Turkey and the UK – is assessed and the extent of alignment or divergence of those policies with the H2020 OA policy is examined.


PASTEUR4OA conference: Green Light for Open Access: Aligning Europe’s OA Policies

The PASTEUR4OA project will host its final conference Green Light for Open Access: Aligning Europe’s OA Policies’ in Amsterdam on 17-18 May 2016. The conference comes at a time of high interest in open access, and as its many benefits are now being widely recognised. These include more equal access to information, increased visibility for authors and an accelerated pace of research and discovery, leading to broad societal and economic advantages. Within this context, the PASTEUR4OA project has been working to develop and reinforce OA strategies across Europe, to engage policy makers and to establish a network (Knowledge Net) aimed at promoting OA alignment across multiple countries. This conference is especially timely as it coincides with the Dutch Presidency of the European Union. Open Access has been named as a priority during the Dutch Presidency and this conference is an event officially associated with the Dutch Presidency. The conference will provide the perfect venue to discuss the overall OA landscape and the achievements of the project, along with experts, funders, research institutions and policy makers from across Europe.

PASTEUR4OA regional workshops

PASTEUR4OA has been bringing together policymakers from research performing organisations and research funders that represent 30+ European countries into a series of regional workshops. The workshops facilitate discussions on concrete actions to improve existing or develop new OA policies aligned with the European Commission’s Recommendation to Member States of July 2012 and the Horizon 2020 OA policy. The forthcoming regional workshops will take place in: Brussels (9-10 February), Turin (22 February), Copenhagen (17 March), and Istanbul (1 April).

News from Europe

RECODE project launches a recommendations portal

The Policy Recommendations for Open Access to Research Data (RECODE) project has recently launched 'The Recommendations Portal' a website dedicated to the project’s recommendations. Visitors can access the recommendations that are targeted to key stakeholders in the scholarly communication ecosystem, namely research funders, research institutions, data managers and publishers as well the RECODE ten overarching recommendations. The overarching and stakeholder-specific recommendations aim to assist distinct stakeholders in furthering the goals of open access to research data by acting as suggestions to issues RECODE identified as central throughout its research work. Both the full report and the Recommendations summary booklet are available for download in pdf format. The website content is free for re-use under the CC BY 4.0 license.

National Updates on Open Access

Open Access updates from Austria

(1) The Open Access Network Austria (OANA) has published 16 recommendations on how to shift the academic publishing system to 100% Gold Open Access until 2025. These recommendations were presented at the Berlin12 Conference and to Austrian parliamentarians. (2) Katja Mayer has published a Policy Brief on Open Science for the ERA Portal Austria. (3) The project e-Infrastructures Austria has provided an overview of the Austria-wide survey for research data. (4) The Austrian Science Fund (FWF) has launched a pilot programme for projects focusing on Open Research Data (ORD) and extents the programme Stand-Alone Publications to new digital formats. (5) The Academy of Fine Arts and FWF have supported the Open Library of Humanities (OLH) with € 2.500 and € 15.000 p.a. (6) An Austrian consortium has collected € 30.000 p.a. for the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).

Public consultations on Open Science Recommendations in Estonia
The Open Access (OA) Expert Committee of the Estonian Research Council (PASTEUR4OA Key Node) drafted the Open Science Recommendations in October 2015 and announced a public consultation (more information available here in Estonian). The Research, Development and Innovation strategy ‘Knowledge-based Estonia 2014-2020’ encourages OA to public-funded research results and research data. According to the regulations on institutional research funding (established by the Estonian Ministry of Education and Research) and on personal research funding (established by the Estonian Research Council), self-archiving is mandatory via the national Current Research Information Systems (CRIS) (the Estonian Research Information System, ETIS) and article processing charges (APC) are also eligible costs. 

Activities have been undertaken in Latvia during the last few years to promote the implementation of OA policies. As a result, two Latvian higher education institutions have made efforts to adopt OA policies. In 2012, Riga’s Technical University had manifested an official directive on OA. In December 2015, the University of Latvia OA team drew the University´s OA Policy based on the PASTEUR4OA’s OA Policy Guidelines for Research Performing Organizations as well as on other European recommendations. The experience of academic and scientific institutions was also taken into account when designing the OA policy. The University of Latvia repository policy is also aligned with the University’s OA policy. Discussions will now be held about the new documents and advisory work will be conducted on practical issues related to depositing scientific results.

Updates on Open Science and Open Access from Latvia
The PASTEUR4OA Key Node – the University of Latvia – together with the National Library of Latvia and Riga Technical University hosted a conference “Open Science – the 21th century benefits for researchers” during the International Open Access week. Presentations and video recordings are available online and on the FOSTER portal, which co-funded the event.

OA policies have been discussed as a part of the agenda building on the outcomes of the Latvian EU Presidency in 2015 when the Member States research ministers discussed the framework conditions for data-driven research-based innovations. The ministers have also recognised a need for further reflection on science metrics and on incentives for researchers to publish in OA (see the COMPET Council conclusions “
Open, data-intensive and networked research as a driver for faster and wider innovation”).

Updates on Open Access from the Netherlands 
The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) has recently announced the tightening of its grant conditions on Open Access. NWO now requires that from 1 December 2015, all publications resultant from NWO funded grants must become 'immediately accessible to everybody from the moment of publication'. To comply with NWO's policy, researchers must publish their peer-reviewed articles in 'fully Open Access journal[s]' or in subscription journal[s] whilst ensuring that 'immediately after publication a version of the work is openly accessible via a public database'.

A direct result of the Dutch route to full Open Access until 2024, is the support given to LINGOA, where a group of leading international linguists are aiming to make accessibility to academic research results less dependent on expensive commercial publishers. They will soon be publishing their articles on a universal free access basis at extremely low costs. Supported by universities, this unique initiative will be launched under the name of LingOA and is a significant step on the road towards open access.

Trends in the development of Open Access to publications and research results in Poland

The Polish Ministry of Science and Education released recommendations open access and open data in October 2015 encouraging universities and research organizations to develop their OA and open data policies.
Centrum Cyfrowe, PASTEUR4OA Key Node, as a part of the
Coalition of Open Education special OA Group will provide support to OA policy developments at institutional level. Among other planned 2016 activities: extending OA mandate to all funding programmes of the National Science Centre and developing OA policies at Polish Academy of Sciences and Foundation for Polish Science. TDM will also be on the agenda (as a part of the Future TDM Project) as well as OA monograph publishing: the Library of Open Science.

Conference on Open Access and licensing of toll access journals in Slovenia

In October 2015, the Slovenian Ministry of Education, Science and Sport hosted the conference on best practices for managing open access to publications and research data and on toll access to publications, with a view on enabling Open Science. This conference also reflected on the recent adoption of the National Strategy for Open Access to scientific publications and research data in Slovenia for 2015–2020. This is the first of a series of important steps that need to be considered and agreed upon to advance Open Access in Slovenia.

Photo Credits: Photo 1 ©; Photo 2 © UKSG Insights; Photo 3 © PASTEUR4OA; Photo 4 ©  PASTEUR4OA; Photo 5 © RECODEPhoto 6 to 11 ©  David Liuzzo/Wikipedia.