September 2015


PASTEUR4OA supports the development and reinforcement of Open Access strategies and policies at the national level in alignment with the European Commission's 2012 Recommendation on Access to Scientific Information and the Open Access Mandate for Horizon 2020.


Newsletter Highlights

▪ PASTEUR4OA advocacy resources released online
▪ PASTEUR4OA data visualisations on Open Access policies
▪ PASTEUR4OA regional workshops
A new start for Europe: opening up to an ERA of innovation
▪ EC FP7 post-grant Open Access Pilot update
Open Access updates from Austria
▪ Open Access developments in Lithuania
Updates on Open Access from the Netherlands
lovenia adopts national strategy for Open Access


PASTEUR4OA advocacy resources released online


PASTEUR4OA has develop an extensive suite of advocacy resources tailored to the needs of policymakers at the national, institutional and funder levels who are either more advanced or newcomers to OA. The key objectives of these resources are to support policymakers in developing or reinforcing OA policies, promote a greater effectiveness of OA policies, and encourage the alignment of OA policies. The advocacy resources include a wide range of materials. Guidelines for research performing organisations and research funders to develop new or revise existing OA policies. A series of Briefing Papers are available on OA policy effectiveness at the funder and institutional levels, article processing charges (APCs), open research data, copyrights, and research impact measurement. National, institutional and funder case studies highlight the OA policy and infrastructure landscape in distinct European countries, overviewing some of the existing OA policies at the institutional and funder levels, and highlight practices in implementing and monitoring OA policies.  The advocacy resources can be consulted in the PASTEUR4OA website and are intended to be re-used by policymakers and other relevant stakeholders.

PASTEUR4OA data visualisations

PASTEUR4OA has created a series of data visualisations using data from ROARMAP – a searchable international registry charting the growth of OA policies. The visualisations illustrate how many OA policies exist worldwide, when policies require deposit, how many policies are Horizon 2020 compliant, and whether policies mention APCs. The visualisations can be used as a learning tool, shared in presentations, and re-used in advocacy toolkits. Have a glance at the visualisations in here.


PASTEUR4OA regional workshops

PASTEUR4OA has been working with national centres of expertise from over 30 European countries to champion OA policy development and alignment. PASTEUR4OA is now bringing together policymakers from research performing organisations and research funders that represent these 30+ European countries into a series of regional workshops. The regional workshops will not only promote the exchange of ideas about OA but also facilitate discussions on concrete actions to improve existing or develop new OA policies aligned with the European Commission’s Recommendation to Member States of July 2012 and the Horizon 2020 OA policy. The workshops programmes will be tailored to the specific needs of the respective target groups – research performing organisations or research funders – and to the level of OA policy development and implementation experienced in distinct European regions. As shown in previous PASTEUR4OA work different regions often experience similar cultural, economic and political structures that influence the extent to which OA has been embraced and OA policies have been adopted in their countries, thus justifying the need for adopting a regional approach. For more information on the regional workshops visit our website

News from Europe

A new start for Europe: opening up to an ERA of innovation

At the conference ‘A new start for Europe: opening up to an ERA of innovation’ the future development of the European Research Area (ERA) was discussed. The major conference themes included Open Science and frameworks to advance world-class research and innovation ecosystems in Europe. In the keynote address the European Commissioner for Research, Science and Innovation, Carlos Moedas, identified ERA’s main priorities as evolving around Open Innovation, Open Science and Openness to the World. Moedas emphasised that Open Access to research publications is already a requirement under Horizon 2020 and that it is important to also make research data openly available. More efforts will be made to set standards for the management, interoperability and quality of research data.

EC FP7 post-grant Open Access Pilot update

An OA funding instrument was launched this year by the European Commission: the FP7 post-grant Open Access Pilot. This initiative, which is being implemented under the OpenAIRE2020 project, will use a €4M budget allocated by the Commission to fund OA publishing fees for research articles and monographs arising from completed FP7 projects. The Pilot’s eligibility criteria exclude funding for hybrid journals and set a €2,000 funding cap for research articles and a €6,000 one for monographs. The policy requires a CC-BY licence, a text-minable file version besides the standard PDF and their deposit into an OpenAIRE-compliant repository. A system has been set up by OpenAIRE to allow funding requests to be submitted by researchers or institutions on their behalf. As of mid-September, over 200 users have registered in this system. 40 eligible funding requests have been collected, 34 for articles and 6 for monographs. The average APC paid by the Pilot so far is €1300 and the approved funding request distribution by countries shows Spain, the UK and Germany as the more active ones at the moment. More dissemination activities are taking place in the new academic year to promote the Pilot in all countries.

National Updates on Open Access

Open Access updates from Austria

In June 2015 the Austrian University Association and the Austrian Science Fund (FWF) have jointly recommended to support the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ). By now 13 institutions have declared their support and will altogether fund DOAJ at least for the next two years. Following the example of Dutch universities, Austrian University libraries (KEMÖ) and FWF are preparing new OA arrangements with publishing houses. FWF extended its rules for evaluations, studies and research policy-related services on quality, transparency and open access which it commissions or carries out. FWF published a very short analysis on ‘The share of Open Access Journals (OAJ) and Open Access Articles (OAA) charging Article Processing Charges (APC)’.

Open Access developments in Lithuania

The Research Council of Lithuania is planning to develop and approve an OA policy by the end of 2015. In July, the seminar ‘Policies on Open Access to Scientific Results: Present Day Situation and Future Goals’ marked the beginning of a series of discussions and consultations on OA in the country. The keynote presentations were given by Dr Hans Pfeiffenberger, Chair of the Science Europe Research Data Working Group, and Iryna Kuchma, from EIFL. Prof Rūta Petrauskaitė from the Lithuanian Research Council presented various Open Access policy models.

Updates on Open Access from the Netherlands 
Over the last few months, Dutch universities have been at the centre of international interest on OA. Delegations from countries like Norway, Germany, France and Ghana want to learn more about the negotiation strategy chosen and the results achieved. Back in June, an OA expert meeting was organised in preparation for the Dutch EU Presidency in 2016. Experts from universities (researchers and policymakers), funding agencies, governmental bodies, libraries and publishers exchanged their views on several topics. On the agenda were items such as 'How to best engage researchers in Open Access' and 'What does a sustainable market for scholarly Open Access publications look like'. Discussions were also held on available or necessary infrastructures. The results of the meeting are being used in discussions with the ministry and with the respective Directorate-General in Brussels.

Slovenia adopts national strategy for Open Access 

Slovenia’s Government has recently approved a national strategy on open access to scientific publications and research data. Back in June, PASTEUR4OA had provided comments on the public consultation for the national strategy. The strategy is fully aligned with the European Commission’s OA policy in Horizon 2020. Accordingly, publicly funded research beneficiaries must ensure open access to all peer-reviewed scientific publications. The national strategy proposes that 80 percent of scientific publications resultant from publicly funded research and published in 2017 become open access by 2018, and that all publicly funded scientific publications, published in 2020, become openly accessible in 2021. In addition, a national pilot programme on open access to research data will be carried out and research data presented in research articles must also become openly available. Moreover, journal publishers based in Slovenia that receive national public funding for their activities should make their research articles openly accessible.

Photo Credits: Photo 1 ©; Photo 2 © PASTEUR4OA; Photo 3 © PASTEUR4OA; Photo 4 © Michael Chia/European Commission; Photo 5 © Daniela TkacikovaPhoto 6 ©  David Liuzzo/Wikipedia; Photo 7 ©  David Liuzzo/Wikipedia; Photo 8 ©  David Liuzzo/Wikipedia; Photo 9 ©  David Liuzzo/Wikipedia.