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Highlights

Monitored:During January, the whole country received normal rainfall for the season. During last year the northern and southern Islands have an excess of 400 mm and the central Islands have an excess of 300 mm of rainfall. The sea surface temperature around Maldives was 1 0C above normal. This is extremely warm.
 
Predictions: IMD GFS model predicts up to 10 mm of rainfall in the entire country on February 3rd. On the 4th, up to 40 mm of rainfall is expected in the northern islands; up to 10 mm in central and southern islands. On the 5th, rainfall up to 10 mm of is expected in the whole country. Long Range Weather prediction models simulations anticipate total rainfall up to 50 mm for the whole country next week. 
     

Contents and Links to Sections

1.Climatology

Monthly Climatology: In February, northern islands receive average rainfall less than 50 mm while central islands receive up 50 mm rain and southern islands receive up to 100 mm of rain. Wind is northeasterly. Usually in March, northern and central islands receive rainfall up to 50 mm while southern islands receive up 100 mm of rain. Wind is northeasterly. In April, Southern islands usually receive about 150 mm of rainfall. The wind direction in southern and central islands is westerly and in northern islands, it’s northwesterly.
 

2.Monitoring

Daily  Monitoring:
Date Rainfall
17th- 22nd January No Rainfall.
23rd January Up to 10 mm in the central islands and islands.
24th January Up to 50 mm in the southern islands and up to 20 mm in central islands.
25th January Up to 50 mm in the southern islands.
26th January Up to 20 mm in the southern islands.
27th – 31st January No Rainfall.
 
Click Herefor detailed maps in pdf.

Monthly  and  Seasonal  Monitoring:
In January, the whole country received normal rainfall. The central and southern islands received up to 100 mm of total rainfall; and northern islands up to 60 mm.
.
Caption: The figure shows the average observed rainfall in the previous month for Northern Maldives.
Image 1(left) caption:- Rainfall in the past 5 years.
Image 2(Right) caption:-Rainfall of past 365 days (black) compared to average rainfall in the previous 8 years.
image 3(middle) caption:- Rainfall in the past 5 years with above-average rainfall hatched in blue and below-average hatched in brown.
Click Here- To see monthly and seasonal monitoring pdf maps
Detailed regional charts are available in pdf for  Northern Central Southern
 

3.Predictions


Daily Rainfall Forecast:
Image caption:-  Daily Rainfall forecasts (up to 7 days ahead) from the IMD New Delhi is provided in figures below. These predictions are from the GFS (T574) model covering the entire south. Click Herefor detailed maps in pdf.
 
Weekly Rainfall ForecastAccording to IMD GFS rainfall up to 10 mm of is expected in the entire country on February 3rd. On the 4th, up to 40 mm of rainfall is expected in the northern islands; up to 10 mm in central and southern islands. On the 5th, rainfall up to 10 mm of is expected in the whole country. From 6th - 8th, rainfall up to 10 mm of is expected in the central and southern islands.


 
Click Herefor detailed maps in pdf.
Image caption:-  Left: Total 6-day precipitation forecast
 












4.Sea Surface and Atmospheric State 


PACIFIC SEA STATE ( Text Courtesy IRI - January 21, 2020)

SSTs in the east-central Pacific were near the borderline of weak El Niño levels during mid-January. Patterns in atmospheric variables have mainly maintained neutral conditions, with some trends toward El Niño. Most model forecasts favor borderline weak El Niño SST conditions during winter, returning to ENSO-neutral by early spring and beyond. The official CPC/IRI outlook is consistent with these model forecasts.

Image caption:- The weekly average the departure of the Sea surface temperature from the historical average.
Click Herefor detailed maps in pdf.



 

 
INDIAN OCEAN STATE 

1 0C above average SST was observed around Maldives

MJO INDEX 

The MJO was significant in Phase 5 from Jan 11-14; in Phase 6 from Jan 15-19; and in Phase 7 from Jan 20-24. Usually rainfall in Maldives is augmented in Phase 2.

Download Printable Report  (Part1 - Summary)- Click Here
Download Printable Report   (Part2 - Figures)-   Click Here

 
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Maldives Climate Summary: Historical averages of rainfall and wind, Monitored daily rainfall for the last week, and Predictions for the next week and next season. Issued: 16th June 2019. Click Here  to Subscribe. 
 FECT Team - Lareef Zubair, Ruchira Lokuhetti, Prabodha Agalawatte, Chayana Gunathilake
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