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Hair by Brian As The Chair Turns
"Combing" the internet so you don't have to
“I believe in hope. I believe in believe.” – Ted Lasso
A Glimmer of Hope
A Shot of Hope
A Dose of Hope
A Jab of Hope
A Path of Hope
A Sense of Hope
Hope for Spring
Signs of Hope
I’m guessing you’re picking up on a theme here. Hope. With more and more people receiving their COVID-19 vaccinations you can almost feel a sigh of relief. The last year we’ve been holding our breath, doing all we can to keep ourselves safe, trying not to jeopardize anyone else’s health, and praying we don’t mess up. As frustrating as it’s been at times, and our patience stretched thin, we have done a very good job. We’ve even learn a few new things about ourselves. One thing we’ve learned is that WE can do this. Yes, WE. The collective whole. The pressure relief valve is beginning to naturally release. We must remain diligent a little while longer. If we do, we will see this thing through to the end. So, YES, I am very hopeful today.
It seems like every month I’m looking for articles to share with you there is another “trend” for *fill in the season*. The fun part for me, as a hairstylist, is that I learn something new from each of those new “trends”. And for you, and you might not even know it’s happening, I pass along little bits and pieces of those “trends” to you while you’re having your hair done.
Women’s hair is “trending” short and sassy for Spring. Whether it’s a very short bob (OK, not for everyone) or lots of texture and disconnection there’s a shift happening. Versatility will be key.
Men’s hair, while all over the place lately (long, short and somewhere in between), still trends toward a classic fade and tapered haircut. They are timeless, sophisticated, and versatile. Oh yeah, they're versatile, too.
With warmer days ahead, those of you with longer hair will be wanting to get it up off your neck. I found a great “How To” guide for a French Roll hairstyle. The best part is the messier the twist the better. With just a few bobby pins, a wrap and a roll (maybe a little texture spray), and you're done.
Please text me when you arrive. I will let you know when I am ready for you to come up to the salon. The door may be locked so I'll need to come down and let you in.
Please wear a mask to your appointment.
Hand sanitizer must be used upon arrival.
Please follow all salon guidelines and signs to keep yourself, myself, and those around you safe.
In the Orange Tier we are operating at 50% capacity. Please do not bring friend, family members, or pets with you to your appointment.
Prior to the start of your appointment, I need to ask the following:
Do you have a new or worsening cough?
Have you had a fever within the last three days?
Have you experienced a loss or change to your sense of smell or taste?
Have you been around anyone exhibiting these symptoms within the past 14 days?
Are you living with anyone who is sick or quarantined?
Have you traveled outside your immediate daily routine in the past 14 days?
Have you recently attended a large group gathering?
Do you have a pending COVID-19 test?
Have you been diagnosed with or cared for anyone with COVID-19 in the past 14 days?
If you have answered “yes” to any of the above questions or begin to have any symptoms of COVID-19 I cannot serve you at this time. You will also need to reschedule any previously scheduled appointments.
Click here for a fairly comprehensive list of COVID-19 guidelines for all of us in the salon.
According to stylists, short hair is making a comeback for spring! IGK Co-FounderAaron Grenia and R+Co Director of Content Adam Federico are both predicting shorter styles will be a trend this season. While colorist and R+Co Collective Member Richy Kandasamy is predicting cinnamon brown and low-maintenance shades to continue into 2021. See below for their insight and inspiration images they’re looking to this year.
The Very Short Bob
“I think we’re going to see a lot of short hairstyles, especially very short bobs – under the ears. Something like you see on Mathilda in the movie Léon. I love this look because it has the most effortless cool factor.” – Aaron Grenia
“Specifically, for spring 2021, we’re forecasting a shorter hair comeback. I like to think that the trend will be shorter hair with longer, disconnected lengths through the top including varying lengths and textures. I like to call this haircut the Shift as its ability to have versatile styling options, from something edgy and raw, to extremely polished and sophisticated. The idea with this is that the haircut can be finished to suit the individual’s personality and meet them for who they are within that day. This is a haircut we are also pushing through R+Co again, forecasting trends and the future.” – Adam Federico
Cinnamon Brown & Low-Maintenance Shades
“I predict that we are going see a lot of sandy and cinnamon browns, and overall, more naturals and low-maintenance shades. We are seeing clients coming in with 6-7 months’ worth of regrowth and the clients want to work with their natural hair. For a lot of clients, this has been a positive reset and they want to embrace their natural hair color or stay as close to their natural color as possible.” – Richy Kandasamy
Why a Classic Fade Is the Best Cut for Men Who Want Multiple Style Options
Eufora Men’s Team Co-Lead and barber extraordinaire, Dana Caschetta, knows when her clients are starting to feel a little fatigued and is a pro at helping them switch up their personal style.
“Even short men’s cuts can be flexible if you know how to craft a smart cut so that the wearer has multiple style options,” says Cashetta. “Most men who visit a salon or barber expect a lot of mileage from their cut, so I focus on the shape of a classic fade. Shape can mean just as much as length and blend… if not more. This is where I can truly customize a look to suit a face shape, head shape, and hair texture. If you want to build in versatility so that your client can create different shapes and styles, then there is no such thing as a ‘basic fade.’ It is always custom, and product choices are key in creating the final looks.”
To demonstrate Fade Flexibility, Dana styled different looks all easily do-able for the model at home, post-shoot.
Strong Silent Type
To create this confident and modern take on the Caesar, HERO Firm Hold Gel was worked through clean, dry hair, then combed through to shape and define the waves, providing super shine without crunch.
To show off wave and texture in an effortless manner, Caschetta used a cocktail of HERO Molding Paste and Power Pomade. To avoid unnatural looking hold, Caschetta says to always apply the cocktail to damp hair using fingertips, then gently blow dry with low heat and push the hair in an upward direction.
Each style brings a different personality to life. A timely message from the Eufora Men’s Team - anyone can choose to change their mind, mood and attitude if looking for a fresh outlook to emerge!
Creative Direction and Hair: Dana Caschetta and Omar Ahmed Photography: Ron Ulip, Freshly Cut Film Model: Bryan Malyck, Q Management
The classic taper haircut is a low-maintenance, high-performance style that’s classic and timeless. It’s easy to get, and you can modify it to your personal style. It’s one of those styles for men that simply can’t go wrong.
It works well with all face shapes and hair types, and it strikes the balance between casual and professional. If you’re in need of a tidy haircut for your job or simply want a polished style, the classic taper haircut is for you.
What do I need for the classic taper haircut?
Since the classic taper haircut is a flexible style, you can tweak it to your liking. Because of that, there are no set requirements for hair length. Shorter hair will give a more professional, classic appearance, while longer hair will give a more contemporary appearance and will almost look like aquiff in some regards.
The length is completely up to you.
How to Get the Classic Taper Haircut
In many ways, the classic taper haircut is like the disconnected undercut. The hair on the sides and back is tapered quite short while the hair on top is left long. However, the classic taper haircut is more old-school and formal.
You’ll first want to tell your stylist how long you want your hair to be. While it’s up to your liking, a good starting point is two inches on top.
To get the classic taper haircut, start by tapering the sides and the back. (Make sure you tell your stylist how gradual you want the taper to be.) Your stylist may use shears or a hair clipper to achieve the taper. The clipper setting can be as short as #2 or as long as #5, depending on your preference.
You can also specify where you want the taper to end. If you prefer a long taper that ends at the base of the neck, then the clippers should provide a good result. However, if you like a shorter taper that ends more near the bottom of the ears, ask your stylist to end the taper there. It’s possible they will use a straight razor to eliminate all the hair below the taper’s end. If you like this clean-cut look, make sure to ask for the razor trim as well.
Next, ask your stylist to trim the hair on top of your head to your desired length. This can be anywhere from half an inch to four inches. Your stylist will most likely use scissors for this.
How to Style the Classic Taper Haircut
The classic taper haircut can be styled in tons of different ways, so choose a style that suits you. That said, there are a couple of elements that always work well with a classic taper haircut.
You can’t go wrong with a side part. A part used in conjunction with a classic taper haircut is a winning combination, especially if the part is dramatic.
You’ll also want to consider some good-quality hair products to keep your taper at its best. For shorter hair, any regular wax, paste, pomade, or similar product will work. For longer hair, consider a product with a higher hold. Pomade or paste are ideal if you want your hair to have a glossy shine.
Sophisticated Fade Haircuts & Hairstyles For Men In 2021
Fade haircuts and the variants that come with it are fast becoming the classic go-to look amongst the legions of stylish gents.
If you’re unfamiliar with the term, a fade basically refers to long (or at least, longer) hair on top of the head, and short hair on the sides of the head and the back. Whether you opt for a skin fade haircut or a taper fade haircut is entirely down to you – we’ll look at both in a moment.
The fade cut is incredibly versatile, so is a suitable option for most guys when heading to the barber for a fresh trim. But what exactly should you be asking your barber when talking about styling options and how to even start thinking about styling it? Allow us to reveal all.
How To Ask Your Barber For A Fade Haircut
When you’re sitting in the barber’s chair, you can’t simply ask for a fade. Instead, you must tell your barber or hairdresser exactly what kind of style you want. The more precise you are, the more accurate they will be at delivering your wishes. The fade cut can actually be broken down into various styles: low-fade, mid-fade, high-fade and taper-fade to name a few.
While it’s certainly true that the fade cut will suit the majority of guys, your face shape will determine which style of fade works best for you.
You can also choose the length you want your fade to be. Naturally, you’ll want to aim for as short as possible – some guys even choose to have no guard on the clippers to get a skin fade – but a good starting point would be a number 1, fading up into a number 2.
Ultimately, if you’re not sure exactly what type of fade or what length to get, ask for your barber’s recommendation, or take a picture in with you of someone else’s hair that you like the look of. They’ll let you know if it’s possible.
Best Men’s Fade Haircuts
What good is all this talk about the different styles of fade without some images and further explanation on them? Here are some of the most common fade haircuts for men to ask for on their next barber visit.
A low fade haircut is a perfect entry point into the world of fades, as it doesn’t require too much of the hair on the sides of the head to be removed. Instead, your barber will only cut the hair just above your ears. You can choose to have a hard low fade, which will see your hair go from a grade 0 or 1 to a 3 or 4, for example, or it can be blended more naturally, going from a 1 to a 2.
The mid fade presents itself as being a great all-rounder. It’s less ‘boring’ than a low fade, but doesn’t have quite the same impact as a high fade. As its name suggests, the mid fade starts further up the sides of your head, roughly in line with your temple.
A mid fade works with virtually any hair length on top of your head. Pair with a long pompadour, a short French crop, or even a buzz cut, and it doesn’t matter if you have straight or curly hair.
The high fade is becoming increasingly popular for men, although there’s no denying it works best for guys with short hairstyles. This allows the dramatic change between the fade and the hair on top to be seen more clearly.
A high fade can be worn by guys with all hair types too, whether it be straight, curly, afro or Asian
A taper fade is a combination of the taper haircut and the fade haircut. These two styles on their own are often mistaken for one another, but there is actually much to separate them. A taper cut doesn’t exhibit as much of a drastic change between hair lengths but sees the hair taper inwards as it reaches the ear. It also only concerns the hair just over the ears and at the neckline.
A fade, more often than not, shows skin and follows the hairline all the way around, so even the back of the hair is faded too.
A taper fade sees the hair gradually get shorter and shorter as you move toward the ears, before blending in with the skin. It’s possibly the best fade hairstyle for all guys, as it works with all hair types and any style you wish to have on top. It can also work wonders for all face shapes too, as the taper can be modified to suit.
Also known as the Brooklyn Fade, the temple fade can have its history traced back to the 90s. Predominantly popular with black men with afro hairstyles, the temple fade has since found its way into haircut mainstream, where it is a viable option for anyone.
A classic temple fair haircut will see the hair fade abruptly from the temple and down towards the ear. Only the hair in front of the ear is touched.
How To Style The Fade Haircut
There are several ways you can style your fade haircut. For a high fade – where the sides are short up above your ear – working some matte-effect product through the hair on top will give a tousled, stylish look.
Patricks M2 medium hold pomade will do the job here, offering a good amount of hold, but is pliable enough so that your hair will do exactly what you want it to. We’d recommend Patricks M2 for any fade style.
A fade doesn’t necessarily mean the hair on top has to be short either, just as long as the sides are faded, you have a fade. This means you can also opt for a pompadour hairstyle for a vintage vibe. A classic pompadour calls for a high-shine, so a pomade will be your friend here. Reuzel Blue is the perfect product for proving a strong hold and a high sheen.
You’ll want to add on some hairspray to really make sure your look stays locked in.
If you prefer a less subtle look, a quiff will do the trick. This doesn’t need to be so shiny, so a matte paste or cream will allow you to run your fingers through your hair to restyle it throughout the day.
How To Maintain The Fade Haircut
The main downside to rocking a fade hairstyle is that it will grow out and look unfaded pretty quickly. With this in mind, you’ll want to revisit your barber every two to three weeks to keep your hair looking its faded best.
Men’s Fade Haircut FAQs
What are other types of fade haircuts for men?
Burst fade, temple fade, shadow fade and bald fades are some of the variations of the fade haircut. Each is defined by the point where the fade begins.
What is the most popular style of the fade haircut?
The low fade haircut is the most popular cut because it is timeless and trendy at the same time. It is also versatile. You can add the low fade to any men’s hairstyle, short or long, for a clean-cut and fresh finish on the sides and back.
How do I know which fade haircut is for me?
Some fade hairstyles look best for a particular face or head shape. A drop fade, for instance, suits men with round or square face shapes. Play around with fades and find the one that suits you the best.
* I realize this article references "New Years" but this is a hairstyle you can do whenever you want to feel a little extra special.
Or just because.
And sometimes you don't have to have a reason at all.
A Perfect Guide to
Modern French Roll Hairstyle
It’s almost the end of the year… A wonderful festive time filled with love and warmth. Even though most of us will be under home confinement this New Years’, that doesn’t mean we shouldn’t dress up and look as stunning as we would going out. To serve you, we have curated a step by step ‘How To’ guide for the Classic French Roll. With New Year’s Eve celebrations on our doorstep, it’s a good and easy recipe to know.
We love delivering styles classic enough for your mother, and stylish enough for you. It is truly a classic style that never goes out of date, perfect for all ages too! This week, in preparation for the new year, Iles Formula’s journal shares with you the Iles Formula’s Hair Ideas: A Perfect Guide to Modern French Roll Hairstyle For New Year’s Eve because it is the perfect “go-to” hairstyle for any woman of any age.
To begin, start by cleansing and conditioning your hair with our award-winning Iles Formula Shampoo & Conditioner. If your hair is suffering from the winter cold, then you may want to treat your locks to a deep conditioning treatment using our Iles Formula Hair Mask.
Next, apply our Iles Formula Finishing Serum to your hair and either round brush blow-dry your hair if you are going for the more classic style, or naturally dry it with texture if you are going for the modern, more lived-in variation of the French Roll.
If your hair is straight add some movement with hot tongs taking verticle sections winding hair to the back. Having that extra movement in the hair will defiantly make winding the roll up into place easier, it will also keep pins in place as well, preventing the pins from sliding out.
Classic French Roll
Hair by Kyle David Malone
1. For the classic variation of the French Roll, follow these steps below – extracted from wikihow.com
2. Begin by directing your hair to one side and securing it with bobby pins the way they are stacked in this image.
3. Next, hold the hair in the palm of your hand and begin to twist the hair up towards the top of your head. Twist the hair tight so that it is secure. Once the hair is twisted tight it will coil and form the roll.
4. Depending on the length of your hair, you may have long ends that are left beyond the twisting. If this is the case with your hair, simply fold those ends down and tuck them underneath the roll.
5. Once you have tucked the ends, you can take some hairpins and use them to secure the roll into place. To secure tightly, take the hairpin and place it horizontally on the edge of the roll. Place the ends of the hairpin through the roll towards the left ear, and then rotate the pins back in the direction of the right ear. This will secure the roll tightly to ensure it stays all night. Use hairspray if you prefer a bit of hold.
6. When you are finished, you can add a bow, broach, some pearls, or an accessory to decorate the hair if you prefer. To see more of our hair accessory inspirations, click HERE.
Modern French Roll
1. For the Modern French Roll, the technique is somewhat similar, but it is created a little bit quicker because you just begin by twisting the hair. You do not have to pin the hair first. In addition to that, the hair is more about the texture and less about a smoother finish. Allow bits to drop out and you can even rough it up a bit when you have secured everything into place. Take a peek at the steps below from @twistmepretty.
Whether you are going for the classic roll or the modern roll, you can detail and finish your hair to your preference. See another version below for shorter hair length where there is no length to roll. This super glamorous style will work with jeans and a blazer or a nice cocktail dress so it’s a very versatile option for your hair.
The next time you see me, let me know which one you wore.
Your Guide To Choosing The Correct Brush For Every Look
Brush choice can make or break a technique. Choosing the right brush is like deciding what color, styling product or hot tool will best achieve a look with ease and speed. That’s why we collabed with Olivia Garden to create the ultimate guide to choosing brushes for blowouts, balayage, waves and more. Plus, some pro tips to show you how it’s done! Keep scrollin’ and don’t forget to screenshot your faves.
1. Round Thermal Brush
Curls, waves, volume and hair flips on normal to thick hair
Hair Length: The longer the hair, the bigger the brush diameter
Hair Type: Normal to thick hair
Large holes allow for great airflow, and ceramic-coated barrels dry the hair faster. Bristles are super heat-resistant AND ionic, so hair gets shiny and bouncy.
2. Square Thermal Brush
Waves and flips (smaller diameters) or volume and smoothing (larger diameters) on normal to thick hair
Hair Length: The longer the hair, the bigger the brush diameter
Hair Type: Normal to thick hair
Square shapes allow you to create more versatile looks, and large holes help with airflow. Soft-tip ionic bristles make the hair shinier and are gentle on the hair and scalp.
Pro Tip: The square thermal brush creates volume while the flat side creates straight, sleekness vs. the round thermal brush that creates a C-shape in the hair.
3. Ionic & Boar Paddle Brush
Daily brushing and care, touch-ups and styling
Hair Length: Short to long
Hair Type: Every hair type and hair extensions
Boar bristles distribute the hair’s natural oils for smooth and shiny hair, eliminating frizz and flyaways. The ionic and boar bristle combo is perfect for styling and brushing thick or curly hair.
4. Round Boar Brush
Volume (smaller diameters) and straightening on wavy, curly or very curly hair
Hair Length: The longer the hair, the bigger the brush diameter
Hair Type: Wavy, curly and very curly
Boar bristles distribute the hair’s natural oils, resulting in super shiny hair. The tightly packed bristles give excellent tension control when straightening. Also, remember when using this brush on curls and waves, it is NOT a detangler!
5. Detangling Paddle Brush
Detangles wet or dry hair
Hair Length: All lengths
Hair Type: Every hair type
Ball-point tips are gentle on the hair and scalp, and the snag-free design makes it easier for the brush to gently glide and detangle the hair from roots to ends.
6. Vent Soft Tip Paddle Brush
Blow-drying, styling and daily brushing
Hair Length: All lengths
Hair Type: Every hair type
The large flat area straightens hair, and the vented brush head cuts down blow-drying time. The ionic bristles penetrate all the way to the scalp with gentle ball-point tips.
7. Color & Care Brush
Fully saturating and evenly distributing hair color, lightener and treatments
Hair Length: All lengths
Hair Type: Every hair type
Dual length bristles easily penetrate shallow and deep layers at the same time for full saturation without gaps. The brush removes excess product and redistributes where it’s needed for a natural blend.
8. Styler Brush
Styling, shaping, daily brushing and men’s styling
Hair Length: Short to medium
Hair Type: Fine to normal
Ball-point tips glide through the hair for faster styling, and the ceramic plate retains heat while you style. The heat-resistant, semi-circular pad helps shape the hair.
9. Teasing Brush
Teasing, building volume, creating texture and back-brushing
Hair Length: All lengths
Hair Type: Every hair type
The narrow brush design is perfect for building for back-combing and building volume or texture. The tail helps for sectioning with precision, separating hair, tucking and lifting.
10. Should I Use A Brush Cleaner & How Often?
Short answer: YES!
Whatever brush you choose, it’s ESSENTIAL to regularly clean—Mickey recommends using the Brush Cleaner between clients who lose a lot of hair and daily. This is a must for maintaining a clean, professional appearance and allows the brushes to do their jobs better!
Corrupted Democracy, Rogue State Russia, and the Richest, Most Destructive Industry on Earth By Rachel Maddow
NPR Book Review 'It All Ties,' Rachel Maddow Says Of Oil And Gas, Russia And Democracy In 'Blowout'
The oil and gas industry, according to MSNBC host Rachel Maddow, is "ranging like a ravenous predator on the field of democracy." It is "Godzilla over downtown Tokyo." It is "the richest, most powerful, and most destructive industry on the globe."
Halfway through Blowout, Maddow's new book about the industry's impact on democracy worldwide, these claims begin to feel understated. In short, accessible chapters, Maddow covers apparently distinct topics, from fracking in Oklahoma to the Deepwater Horizon oil spill to the Sochi Olympics to corruption in Equatorial Guinea to the ring of inept Russian spies that inspired The Americans and, finally, to Russian interference in the 2016 election. "Seems unlikely," she writes, "but it all ties."
Maddow's tone will be familiar to viewers of her show: It's knowing, cynical, and snide. The jokes and insults are presumably meant to leaven a difficult subject; I found them irritating, an exercise in letting readers feel morally and intellectually superior. The easy contempt is most grating when it seeps outside of the circle of her legitimate targets: "What [Russia] needed right then — like a junkie long past his last hit — was sanctions relief."
But Blowout nonetheless feels like a public service. Though its value is not in original reporting, it usefully compiles the most convincing research and journalism on the harm that oil and gas have done to global democracy, and then weaves together a narrative of greed, power and corruption.
For instance, Maddow explains the "resource curse:" the well-established idea that finding oil often harms countries, rather than helping them. She uses Equatorial Guinea as a case study, based on the reporting of journalist Ken Silverstein, to show how profits from the nation's oil went not to citizens, but to kleptocrats. Silverstein reported extensively on the spectacular waste of Teodoro Nguema Obiang Mangue, son of the current president, who once spent $700,000 of that money to rent a boat to "woo the rapper Eve," among other absurd purchases (we never find out whether Eve was impressed). Meanwhile, the citizens of Equatorial Guinea remained deeply impoverished.
Maddow also looks at the harm that gas and oil have done closer to home. A particularly striking example is the pressure put on Austin Holland, a University of Oklahoma researcher, by energy companies and his own university to suppress his findings that fracking was causing earthquakes (lots of earthquakes).
And then there is Russia. President Vladimir Putin is set on a campaign "to piss in the punch bowl of free elections all over the civilized world," she writes. Maddow, again drawing on others' reporting, makes the case that oil and gas was a way for Putin to wield political power, especially in Ukraine: "The infinitely corruptible energy business allowed Putin to pick and choose who would be rich and who would be powerful in Ukraine."
Blowout concludes, reasonably, with a case for more and better government regulations. By this point, Maddow has already amply demonstrated the harm oil and gas companies can inflict when they aren't restrained. But she makes a further, stranger case for regulation: that oversight is needed because the oil and gas companies can't really help it. It's just who they are: "What is the point of outrage at oil and gas producers? What good can possibly come of it? It's like being indignant when a lion takes down and eats a gazelle. You can't really blame the lion. It's who she is; it's in her nature."
It would have been valuable, instead of making this weirdly exculpating argument, for Maddow to spend some pages on the places that have already implemented some of her environmental suggestions: countries in Western Europe.
Perhaps the book's most interesting suggestion is a theory of why Russia interfered in the 2016 U.S. election: not only because Putin detests Hillary Clinton personally, but also because Obama-era sanctions were threatening his ability to extract oil, and thus keep a grip on power. And the companies with the technology to help him get that oil are American outfits that don't mind doing business with a crook. As Maddow would say, it all ties together.
Nearly 80 percent of Americans live with some level of stress, a 2017 Gallup poll showed. In the poll, 44 percent of respondents said they frequently encounter stress, another 35 percent said they sometimes encounter stress, and just 17 percent responded that they rarely feel stressed. A mere 4 percent were left over to say they never experience stress (how lucky for them).
All that stress manifests in both physical and emotional signs. Here are just a few of the ways your body may exhibit the symptoms of stress.
1. That headache just won’t go away.
Have throbbing pain in your head all day? It could be a stress-induced headache or migraine.
“Headaches are more likely to occur when you're stressed,” the Mayo Clinic explained. “Stress is a common trigger of tension-type headaches and migraine, and can trigger other types of headaches or make them worse.”
What can you do about them? Not much, according to the Mayo Clinic, other than live a less stressful life. But, if your headache is sudden, severe, accompanied by a fever or double vision, or is experienced after a head injury, head to the hospital immediately.
2. Your digestive system feels off.
A person’s belly may be one of the first places to experience the symptoms of stress or anxiety.
“The brain has a direct effect on the stomach and intestines,” Harvard Health explained. It noted that even when a person merely thinks about food, his or her stomach will release acids in preparation of a meal.
This brain-to-stomach connection is a two-way street that can cause a vicious cycle of stress-related effects. According to Harvard Health, “A troubled intestine can send signals to the brain, just as a troubled brain can send signals to the gut.” And, in return, stress can cause an increase in stomach acids, thus causing digestive issues like an ulcer. Symptoms of a stress—or peptic—ulcer include burning pain in the stomach, nausea, and bloating.
3. The thirst is real.
Feeling stressed out? The cure may be drinking a glass of water. Seriously, dehydration can cause your body to not function at its best, which can lead to stress.
“Studies have shown that being just half a liter dehydrated can increase your cortisol levels,” Amanda Carlson, RD, director of performance nutrition at Athletes’ Performance, told WebMD. “Cortisol is one of those stress hormones. Staying in a good hydrated status can keep your stress levels down. When you don’t give your body the fluids it needs, you’re putting stress on it, and it’s going to respond to that.”
And all those hormones, WebMD explained, could lead to adrenal fatigue, which again, will have you running toward the nearest water cooler thanks to an unwavering feeling of dehydration.
4. Your sleep schedule is wildly unpredictable (and you’re having weird dreams).
Stress can wreak havoc on your sleep schedule.
“Too much stress can cause you to have a bad sleep, leading to mental and physical health issues which can, in turn, cause stress in daily life, leading to poor sleep at night,” the American Institute of Stress explained.
Remember those stress hormones mentioned above? Those same hormones can cause your body to stay awake as it thinks it’s now in fight or flight mode. And because your body can never quiet down, neither can your mind. On top of that, your daytime stress could be causing some odd dreams as well.
"When people had these really frustrating, upsetting experiences in their everyday [lives], they had dreams where they felt stressed, sad or frustrated," Netta Weinstein, a senior lecturer in social and environmental psychology at Cardiff University, and lead author of a study on stress and dreams, told Live Science. As she noted, stress can even cause very specific dream scenarios.
"The link between the experiences and the content of the dreams was less robust," Weinstein explained. "But we found some evidence that [that dreams about] falling, being attacked by someone, being locked up or trying repeatedly to do something and failing at it could be linked to a frustrating experience during the day.”
5. You’re sweating—a lot.
It’s normal to sweat a little, especially if you’re under duress. But, stress sweat is another beast altogether.
“When the body is reacting to an emotion, like anxiety, stress or excitement, sweat is released from the apocrine glands,” Piedmont Health explained. Those apocrine glands then produce a “milkier sweat” made up of fatty acids and proteins. These glands are located in the armpit, the groin, and on the scalp.
There’s one piece of good news: This type of sweat is initially odorless, according to Piedmont Health. But, it can develop an odor if it sits on the skin for too long.
So, what can you do about stress sweat? Relax more, according to Kathirae Severson, D.O., a Piedmont internal medicine physician.
“If you’re a stress sweater, it’s important to get to the root of the problem,” Dr. Severson said. “Exercise, meditation, and therapy are all viable options to help minimize the stress in your life.”
6. Hair loss has become a real problem.
If you’re finding more strands of hair in the drain or in your brush it could be a telltale sign of stress. According to the Mayo Clinic, there are three types of hair loss associated with stress: telogen effluvium, alopecia areata, and trichotillomania.
The first, telogen effluvium, can occur after significant stress pushes large numbers of hair follicles into what is known as “resting phase.” That means the hair is pushed out before completing its growth cycle. When this happens, affected hairs might fall out suddenly when you're combing or washing your hair.
Meanwhile, alopecia areata can be caused by a variety of things, the Mayo Clinic explained, including severe stress. When alopecia areata occurs, the body's immune system attacks the hair follicles, which causes hair loss.
And the last is Trichotillomania, which occurs when a person has “an irresistible urge to pull out hair from your scalp, eyebrows or other areas of your body,” the Mayo Clinic said.
Importantly, the Mayo Clinic noted, hair loss doesn’t need to be permanent. Again, using stress mitigation techniques like meditation can help restore your head of hair in no time.
7. You’re simply not enjoying the things you used to.
One of the many emotional symptoms of stress is a general feeling of malaise. If you’re dreading doing things you once loved—like working out, spending time with friends, or simply talking a walk—not only you could you be stressed, but you could also be suffering from depression.
“Depression is precipitated by long-term, chronic exposure to stress,” researchers published in the US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health wrote in a 2012 study. As the researchers noted, while experiencing high-stress situations, the body may again release stress hormones and that could inhibit a person’s ability to experience joy in daily activities.
If you find yourself experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s time to talk to a health professional. That way, you have someone on your side to help you find ways to de-stress and get back to living your life your way.
There are countless over-the-counter and prescription treatments for hair loss. Still, one popular anti-baldness drug, in particular, has generated controversy over recent reports that tie it to the incidence of depression — including suicidal ideation — and other negative health effects among users.
The headlines concerning these reports offer a reminder to those seeking anti-baldness treatments to consult their doctors about any new medication they might be considering.
The drug in question is finasteride, which is sold under the brand name Propecia.
Due to an investigation by Reuters, unsealed court documents and records reveal that U.S. regulators and drug manufacturer Merck were aware of reports of suicidal behavior among users of the drug.
They failed to include information of these potential risks in a 2011 update of the drug’s warning label.
Reuters revealed that since that call over whether that information be included on the warning label, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) received more than 700 reports of suicidal thoughts and deaths by suicide among those using Propecia or its off-brand generic versions.
That number included at least 100 deaths. The news agency reports that within the first 14 years of Propecia sales, the FDA received 34 of these reports, which include those of 10 deaths.
They report that an internal company assessment shows that in 2009, Merck itself received 200 reports of depression — including suicidal ideation — among male users.
It was determined there wasn’t a high enough number of reports or enough specifics about cases of suicidal behavior and depression to require more than what was deemed regular monitoring of this data.
A studyTrusted Source published in 2020 showed that reports of anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts among young men 45 or younger who used this drug increased significantly in the years since 2012.
That information was derived from a World Health Organization (WHO) database of drug safety reports from more than 150 nations, mirroring a 2015 study that looked at cases of sexual dysfunction and suicidal thoughts among people ages 18 to 45.
For its part, Merck said that “the scientific evidence does not support a causal link between Propecia and suicide or suicidal ideation and these terms should not be included in the labeling,” in a statement released to Reuters regarding the latest report.
“Merck works continuously with regulators to ensure that potential safety signals are carefully analyzed and, if appropriate, included in the label for Propecia,” the statement reads.
The FDA issued its own statement, asserting that it “continues to monitor postmarketing safety data for Propecia.”
The agency added that these kinds of reports do not “mean the drug caused the adverse event” and that related medical problems can be due to the “underlying disease being treated, caused by some other drug being taken concurrently, or occurred for other reasons.
What to ask your doctor before going on Propecia
Given Propecia, and other drugs like it are so commonly used, how concerned should you be if you’re seeking hair loss treatment?
“Patients should keep in mind that Propecia, or finasteride, is a very effective medication for most patients with male pattern hair loss, androgenetic alopecia, and that most people will feel better taking it because it is helping their hair loss,” said Dr. Carolyn Goh, associate clinical professor of dermatology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA.
Goh added that people pursuing this medication “should be aware of their mood while taking it” and look to “alternatives if they have a history of depression or other mental health problems.”
Dr. Barney Kenet, a New York City-based board-certified dermatologist, echoed those thoughts that if someone had a pre-existing mental illness, “it would be of concern that Propecia would unmask or exacerbate some mental health conditions symptoms.”
“There is also a low incidence of sexual side effects — low libido and erectile dysfunction — and for those reasons, it’s important that they have a good working relationship with their doctor,” Kenet told Healthline.
Despite the recent negative stories about the medication, a quick social media search finds direct-to-consumer companies such as Hims and Roman Health regularly touting the drug.
When asked whether she felt this is a drug that should be highlighted right now, Goh told Healthline that it should be made clear that it is “generally a safe and effective drug.”
“Direct-to-consumer companies have the benefit of making effective drugs more widely available, which is great, but perhaps discretion is advisable in this situation,” Goh added.
Kenet said that when you offer these medications to a wide audience through these kinds of channels, some customers who are at higher risk for negative side effects might not be getting all the information they need from a “glorified mail-order company.”
Both doctors said that, as with any medication, consult a doctor and medical team.
Research the medication and review with a doctor or medical team to discuss any underlying medical conditions to ensure appropriate treatment.
What else is out there?
If you have a history of depression or other forms of mental illness, what are alternatives if the reports about Propecia are a concern?
Goh suggested topical minoxidil, an FDA-approved treatment for baldness.
Topical minoxidil is also FDA approved for this kind of baldness, while it might not be as effective as finasteride, she added.
“Low dose oral minoxidil can be prescribed and may be a reasonable alternative. Topical finasteride can also be specially compounded and prescribed,” Goh said.
She cited studies in a 2018 reviewTrusted Source that show there “may be some benefit and safety” in topical finasteride, but “the studies are not rigorous and there is no commercially available formulation of it to know if it would be consistently helpful.”
“The laser comb, band, or cap — low-level laser therapy — is another option but tends to work less effectively. Platelet-rich plasma therapy with or without microneedling are other options as well,” Goh added.
Kenet also cited low-dose systemic minoxidil, but he stressed that this needs to be under the direct care of a doctor.
“There are weaves, toupees, and hair transplantation that are non-pharmaceutical,” Kenet added.
Hair loss and mental health
Underlying this discussion of safety around Propecia is the impact hair loss can have on one’s mental health. It can be distressing and sudden.
It also must be stressed that it impacts both men and women.
Estimates show that more than 50 percent of women will experience noticeable hair loss by age 50 and that female-pattern hair loss affects about 30 million women in the United States.
Essentially, for all people, it can take a psychological toll, especially those with underlying mental health conditions.
Whether compounded by the medication a person takes or not, what can one do to manage stress tied to balding?
Kenet said that “baldness is a big part of our culture, from movie stars to athletes.”
He said that while there is less shame attached to it now and that it doesn’t bear the stigma it had in the past, “it still can be quite traumatizing.”
Kenet recommends support groups like the digital platform “Patients Like Me” as well as the “The Bald Truth,” a radio show that is all things hair loss.
Goh highly recommends seeking help from a mental health professional.
“Online forums can be very helpful and are easily accessible, but they may not be moderated, so should be approached with caution,” Goh explained. “Many people may be hesitant to discuss with family and friends, but they may be surprised by how many people have experienced similar situations, so could be a good source of support.”
Pasta Prosciutto e Piselli
(Creamy Pasta With Prosciutto Cotto and Peas) Recipe
A cozy, comforting pasta with ham, cream, and peas.
I went to culinary school in Emilia-Romagna, and after a long day at La Scuola Internazionale di Cucina Italiana trying to digest lessons about pasta-rolling, wine-identifying, and cheese-tasting taught in another language, the last thing I wanted to do was go grocery shopping and make myself dinner.
Luckily, the pantry staples of Parma are pretty delicious. Your fridge is usually stocked with prosciutto, panna da cucina (“cooking cream”), and Parmigiano-Reggiano. Grab some peas from the freezer, and you can have a sweet, salty, creamy bowl of pasta prosciutto e piselli in no time. It’s as classic and crowd-pleasing as American mac & cheese, just much, much better.
Choosing the Right Prosciutto
In the States, the word "prosciutto" is synonymous with the dry-cured hams famously made in Parma, in Emilia Romagna, and San Daniele del Friuli, in Friuli-Venezia Giulia. In Italy, those hams fall in the category of prosciutto "crudo" (raw). Of course, they're not raw legs of pork—they're cured for months—but they also aren't cooked, like prosciutto "cotto," or smoked, like speck from Alto Adige (if you want to learn more, check out our guide to Italian salumi).
While prosciutto crudo may reign supreme for salumi boards, cotto is generally a better ham to cook with. First and foremost, cotto is much more affordable, since it isn't aged for months (time, reduced yield due to moisture loss, and the space required for hanging are all factors that drive up the price of dry-aged meats). Second, prosciutto cotto stands up better to cooking than crudo, which becomes chewy, leathery, and intensely salty when subjected to intense heat, while also losing many of the nuances of its distinctive flavor. The more subdued salinity and delicate flavor of prosciutto cotto, which is much closer to American-style deli ham, is better suited for recipes like this pasta; save the crudo to eat on its own, in sandwiches, or draped over pizzas after they come out of the oven.
For this dish, you'll want ham that's been cut into a small dice, rather than into thin slices; cubes of ham are easier to eat, and they work well as a salty counterpart to the sweet little peas. Ask the person at the deli counter to cut the ham in a thick single piece that you can then dice up at home.
Which Makes a Better Sauce?
Butter or Cream?
The sauce for pasta prosciutto e piselli is sometimes a buttery emulsion (melted butter emulsified with starchy pasta cooking water to make a creamy sauce) and sometimes made with cream for a quadruple-P: pasta, panna, prosciutto, e piselli. I prefer the thicker and richer cream–based version, which is also easier to make because there's no finicky emulsion to tend to: reducing cream is as easy as it gets for pasta sauces. Remember, this is the dish you should make when you're exhausted and needing some extra pampering.
Making this version couldn't be easier: Sweat a little onion in butter along with the ham, fresh woodsy herbs, and ground nutmeg. Add a little white wine, followed by cream, and simmer that while cooking dried penne. Once the pasta is just shy of al dente, transfer it to the sauce with some starchy cooking water to finish cooking. Fold in a handful of frozen peas right at the end and shower everything with Parmigiano and you have the perfect comfort pasta.
Why It Works
Prosciutto cotto is more mild and delicate in flavor than prosciutto crudo, so you can pack in thick cubes of the ham without making the dish overly salty.
Reduced cream and starchy pasta cooking water form a velvety sauce without any need for making a roux.
Adding frozen peas at the very end of the cooking process, off-heat, ensures they get warmed through rather than overcooked.
2 tablespoons (30g) unsalted butter
1 small (6-ounce; 170g) yellow onion, finely chopped
Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper
8-ounce (225g) piece of prosciutto cotto, cut into 1/4-inch dice (see note)
In a large skillet, melt butter over medium heat. Add onion, season lightly with salt, and cook until softened but not brown, about 6 minutes. Stir in prosciutto cotto, rosemary, thyme, and 1/4 teaspoon pepper. Cook until prosciutto cotto is warmed through and herbs are fragrant, about 4 minutes.
Add wine and cook until reduced by half, about 2 minutes. Add cream and nutmeg, bring to a simmer, and cook, stirring occasionally, until sauce is slightly thickened, about 2 minutes. Reduce heat to low to keep sauce warm, or turn off heat while pasta cooks if your stove isn't capable of cooking below a simmer.
Meanwhile, in a pot of salted water, cook pasta until just shy of al dente (about 2 minutes less than the package directs). Using a spider skimmer, transfer pasta to sauce, along with 1/2 cup (120ml) pasta cooking water. Alternatively, drain pasta using a colander or fine-mesh strainer, making sure to reserve at least 1 cup (240ml) pasta cooking water.
Increase heat to high and cook, stirring and tossing rapidly, until pasta is al dente and sauce is thickened so that it coats noodles and just pools around edges of the pan, about 2 minutes; add more pasta cooking water in 1/4-cup (60ml) increments as needed to achieve desired consistency.
Remove from heat, add peas and grated cheese, and stir rapidly to incorporate and heat peas through. Season with salt and pepper to taste. Serve immediately.
Prosciutto cotto can be found at the deli counter of some well-stocked grocery stores, and at Italian specialty shops. Ask for a single 8-ounce piece of ham, measuring approximately 1/4 inch thick. You don't want thinly sliced ham for this recipe. If you can’t find prosciutto cotto, you can substitute American-style ham steak, just make sure to use a lighter hand while seasoning both the sauce and pasta cooking water with salt, as American ham steak is generally saltier than Italian prosciutto cotto.
Because they are picked and frozen at the height of freshness, frozen peas are a better year-round choice than fresh peas. However, if you are making this dish during the height of spring pea season, and have access to high quality fresh peas, you can absolutely substitute those for frozen. If using fresh peas, blanch them in the boiling pasta water pot until just cooked through, 1 to 2 minutes, before adding to the pasta in Step 5.
The One Where Jennifer Aniston's 'Rachel' Haircut on Friends Became a Phenomenon
The legacy of NBC's Friends isn't one of ratings records or piles of awards—it's about the way the show managed to impact popular culture by showing life at its most mundane. This is a series that turned sipping coffee into an art form, still prompts philosophical debates over the morality of being "on a break," and made it impossible not to shout pivot! when moving furniture. But Friends reached its cultural zenith when it managed to transform a simple hairstyle into a global talking point, as untold millions of women in the ‘90s flocked to salons all wanting one thing: “The Rachel.”
“The Rachel” hairstyle, which was the creation of stylist Chris McMillan, was first worn by Jennifer Aniston’s Friends character Rachel Green in the April 1995 episode “The One With the Evil Orthodontist." It has its roots as a shag cut, layered and highlighted to TV perfection. It may have been a bit too Hollywood-looking for a twenty-something working for tips, but it fit in the world of Friends, where spacious Manhattan apartments could easily be afforded by waitresses and struggling actors.
The Birth of "The Rachel"
Aniston in 1996, during the height of the style.
The style itself wasn’t designed to grab headlines; McMillan simply gave Aniston this new look to be “a bit different,” as he later toldThe Telegraph. In hindsight, the ingredients for a style trend were all there: The cut was seen on the show’s breakout star as the series hit its ratings peak; an average of more than 25 million viewers tuned in each week during Friends's first three seasons. You can’t have that many eyeballs on you without fans wanting to get closer to you, and the easiest way to do that is to copy your style.
During the show’s second and third seasons in the mid-1990s, stories began to appear in newspapers and magazines about salons from Los Angeles to New York City and (literally) everywhere in-between being inundated with requests for Aniston's haircut. Some women would come in with their copy of TV Guide in hand for reference; others would record an episode of the show and play it at the salon to ensure accuracy. For these stylists, a good hair day for Rachel on a Thursday night meant big business over the weekend.
"That show has made us a bunch of money," Lisa Pressley, an Alabama hairstylist, said back in 1996. Pressley was giving around four "Rachels" per week to women ages 13 to 30, and she was touching up even more than that. Another hairdresser estimated that, during that time, 40 percent of her business from female clients came from the "Rachel." During the early days of the trend, McMillan even had people flying to his Los Angeles salon to get the hairdo from the man himself—a service that he charged a modest $60 for at the time.
A Finicky 'Do
What many clients learned, though, was that unless you had a trained stylist at your side, “The Rachel” required some real maintenance.
"People don't realize the style is set by her hairdresser," stylist Trevor Tobin toldThe Kansas City Star in 1995. “She doesn't just wake up, blow it dry, and it just turns out like that."
That was a warning Aniston knew all too well. In recent years, she has expressed her frustration at not being able to do the style on her own; to get it just right, she needed McMillan on hand to go through painstaking styling before shoots. In addition to being impossible to maintain, in a 2011 Allure interview, Aniston called it the “ugliest haircut I've ever seen." In 2015, the actress toldGlamour that she found the look itself “cringey."
Though Aniston had grown to loathe the look, it was soon the 1990s' go-to style for other stars like Meg Ryan and Tyra Banks and later adopted by actresses and musicians like Kelly Clarkson and Jessica Alba. Debra Messing had an ill-fated run-in with it when she was told to mimic the style for her role on Will & Grace. They soon realized that trying it without McMillan was a fool’s errand.
“[It] was a whole debacle when we tried to do it on the show,” Messing recalled. “They literally tried for three hours to straighten my hair like [Aniston's]. It was so full and poofy that it looked like a mushroom.”
A Style That Sticks Around
Aniston’s personal preference for longer hair soon made its way on-screen, replacing the shorter, choppier “Rachel” by season 4. The once-iconic look was officially ditched, the last remnants of which were washed away in a flowing sea of ever-growing locks doused in blonde, pin-straight highlights. And once a haircut’s namesake turns their back on the style, it’s likely only a matter of time before the rest of the world moves on, too, right?
Wrong. “The Rachel” endured.
Unlike Farrah Fawcett’s showstopping feathered hair from the ‘70s, celebrities, news anchors, and the average salon-goer were still wearing the hairstyle well into the 2000s. Even now, fashion websites will run the occasional “Is ‘The Rachel’ Making a Comeback?” article, complete with the latest Hollywood star to sport the familiar shag.
It’s a testament to McMillan’s skill, Aniston’s charm, and Friends’s cultural sway over audiences that people are still discussing, and donning, the hairstyle some 25 years later. And in a lot of ways, the haircut's success mimicked the show's: it spawned plenty of imitators, but no one could outdo the original.