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Global Health News

Researchers involved in all disciplines of global health research are always faced with issues concerning timely diagnosis and treatment. Global health issues resulting in death due to delays of diagnosis and treatment are far too common. The following series of articles help bring light upon such practices, and demonstrate the need for strict policy implication, post publishing research work.
Prices and mark-ups on antimalarials evidence from nationally representative studies in six malaria-endemic countries
Patients who seek treatment in the private sector are always faced with high prices for anti-malarial treatment. This study aims to better understand consumer antimalarial prices, through documenting the pricing behavior of retailers and wholesalers.
 
Japan's Wakefield moment
There has been growing media controversy on Japan’s decision to re-instate the human papilloma vaccine, which was suspended in June 2013. Despite having a recommendation signed by 200 Japanese medical workers, the media continues to raise questions on vaccinations.
 
Global health security: the wider lessons from the West African Ebola virus disease epidemic
The devastating Ebola epidemic in West Africa took over 11,000 deaths, and brought light upon global health security. It raised many questions concerning the meaning and practical implications of programmes and policy.
 
Onsite training of doctors, midwives and nurses in obstetric emergencies, Zimbabwe
Inadequate training for onsite staff is fairly common amongst low-income countries. Zimbabwe introduced off site obstetric emergency trainings for clinical care providers in 2006, however there was no significant difference in clinical care.  In 2011, it was recommended that all maternity staff should receive obstetric emergency training.
 
[Pan American Health Organization]

Population-level impact and herd effects following HPV programmes: a systematic review & meta-analysis
Drolet et al.
Study aimed to understand whether high efficacy reported in controlled trials was implemented in the real-world.


 
[European Commission DG ECHO]

Survey of measles vaccination coverage in eastern and southern Africa: a review of quality and methods used
Kaiser et al.
Study aims to understand and evaluate the methods used to evaluate measles coverage.
100 TOP-CITED TUBERCULOSIS RESEARCH STUDIES
Global health security agenda: building resilient public health systems to stop infectious disease threats
By: The Lancet
 
Public health is a term which is categorized by multiple factors; geographical, cultural, ecological etc. Infectious diseases are able to transform and habit any type of factors, resulting in increased public health problems and disasters. Infectious diseases will not cease any time soon, due to all the factors mentioned above.  In order to help control infectious disease epidemics, it is important to have a proper public health system which could help avoid epidemics, such as the recent West African Ebola epidemic. It is important to train local personnel on disease control and prevention, as there are very few public health system around the world which enforce such trainings. The Ebola epidemic has brought light upon such issues, and other such epidemics will continue to do so. The need for improvement in public health care systems is increasing every day, and the solution must come quickly to avoid putting millions of lives at stake.

Read full article
[DFID]

Survey of measles vaccination coverage in eastern and southern Africa: a review of quality and methods used
By: WHO bulletin
There are four main surveys used to measure vaccination coverage in low/middle income countries; demographic and health surveys, multiple indicator cluster surveys, expanded Programme on Immunization cluster surveys and surveys based on lot quality assurance sampling. This study aims to understand the evaluation methods used and how coverage is reported. It also aims to provide solutions for improvement of current recommendations. Results show that surveys have become a part of the health care system in the countries studied. Sample size calculations were not provided, therefore leading to potential for bias. The authors recommended generation and usage of household list in clusters, and reducing delays in conducting coverage surveys. Among other recommendations, the authors also mentioned the need to understand how data analysis software was used to adjust the cluster design. Such recommendations will allow for accurate, reliable and useful programme improvement.
 
[DFID]

Determinants of performance of health systems concerning maternal and child health: a global approach
By: PloS One
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines a functioning health system as “the organized  social response”. Its main objective should be promoting, restoring and maintaining health. Each health care system around the world has a different way of functioning, however there are two main “methods” used; horizontal and vertical. Some countries may use the “diagonal” approach which combines the latter. Studies have reported a trend that most private sectors chose to implicate the vertical approach. There have been many previous studies done on the social determinants of health such as; poverty, violence, migration, gender and ethnic inequality however there have been no analysis on the association of these social determinants with health system performance and health status at the country/regional levels. The objective of this study is to understand the strength of this association at the country level.
 
Conferences

Canadian Conference on Global Health 2015

November 5-7, 2015
Location: Montreal, Canada


Three day conference aiming to bring together multiple health professionals and researchers interested in global health, to increase transfer of knowledge and promote innovation/collaboration.


Deadline for abstract submission: May 29th, 2015

 
Canadian Conference on Global Health - Call for Abstracts!
Past Events: Closing remarks

 
Operational Research Methods Course
The Regroupement Stratégique Santé Mondiale along with McGill Global Health Programs hosted an Operational Research Methods Course, May 4-8th, 2015 at McGill University. This course brought together students from numerous Quebec universities, including McGill, Université de Montréal and Université de Laval. The internationally renowned faculty brought together a 5 day course elaborating and bringing light upon operational research and case studies. The overall response from the course was overwhelmingly positive, and McGill hopes to host such an event in the future as well.

To view a blog/overview of the course: click here
McGill Students FOUGHT Ebola
McGill Students brought together a 3 month campaign to raise awareness and fundraise for Ebola victims in West Africa. There were a total of 580 donors, 6 sponsors, 5 students groups and 4 events. Combining each of these different factors, they were able to raise $10,000 for Ebola relief! All funds raised were for Medicins sans Frontieres and Partner in Health missions for the Ebola epidemic in West Africa.
For more information visit: Mcgill Fought Ebola
Local is Global: Global Mental Health Conference
The Regroupement Stratégique Santé Mondiale with McGill Global Health Programs had the honor of co-sponsoring Local is Global: Global Mental Health Conference. This was done in collaboration with the Regroupement Strategique Santé Mentale. Dr. Vikram Patel, Professor and Wellcome Trust Senior Research Fellow at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (UK) gave an excellent talk about autism awareness.
Journée Scientifique - RRSPQ

March 24th, 2015
Montreal, Canada

 
The First Annual Journée Scientifique hosted by the Réseau de Recherche du Sante des Populations de Québec (RRSPQ) was a great success. It brought together health professionals from all over Quebec to discuss the future and current challenges associated with health research. There were keynote speakers, poster presentations from students currently studying at Quebec universities, and presentations from award winning thesis' for both Masters and Doctorate students.

For further information regarding the Journée Scientifique click here

To  become a member: click here

 
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Recent Publications
Population-level impact and herd effects following HPV programmes: a systematic review & meta-analysis
Kaiser et al.
This study aimed to understand the level of impact to the population after female HPV vaccination programmes. Programmes have been implemented in countries since 2007, however there is a need to understand whether the high efficacy of the control trials is presenting positive trends in real world situations.


Costs of eliminating malaria and the impact of the Global Fund in 34 countries
Zelman et al.
The main objective is to assess past funding to the 34 current malaria-eliminating countries and estimate the future needs and funds required to help attain elimination by 2030.


 
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