16th January 2016
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Unlocking Protracted Displacement
Dear colleagues,
Greetings from the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS).
In this bi-monthly update, you will find information about ReDSS 2017 strategic priorities, ongoing ReDSS studies in the region, ReDSS durable solutions trainings and useful resources published over the past two months.
Click on the link to see ReDSS updated infographic on displacement figures in the region.

ReDSS 2017 strategic priorities
ReDSS held its annual review meeting in November 2017 to take stock of its key achievements and challenges in 2016 in order to inform strategic planning for 2017. Based on this review and current trends in the region, ReDSS 2017 priorities will continue to be on research and knowledge management focusing on asylum space, local integration and transitional solutions, solutions in urban context and early solutions programming. ReDSS will also continue to support capacity development and Solutions analysis in different countries and context using the ReDSS Solutions Framework. Evidence and learning will not only support better Solutions policies and programing but also inform our advocacy and policy work based on evidence. Click on the links for more information on ReDSS 2017 key priorities and ReDSS Agenda for humanity which ReDSS members committed to work together towards and to be collectively held accountable for its implementation.
Researches and reviews
Durable solutions analysis to inform (re)integration planning and programming in Somalia – Kismayo, Baidoa and Mogadishu

The ReDSS Solutions framework analyses will inform the development of Area Based Action Plans under the leadership of the government and the DSRSG/HC/RC Office. The rating will be reviewed and updated in the first quarter of 2017 to reflect newly available. ReDSS is currently carrying out the same Solutions analysis in Benadir region (Mogadishu) and Bay region, with a particular emphasis on Baidoa district. Download here the Solutions Analysis for Lower Juba, based on available data for the 31 outcome level indicators of the Solutions framework. And click here for the overall framework and here for the summary presentation.

ReDSS/DRC Solutions framework analysis in Tanzania
In partnership with DRC and IRC, ReDSS will start a Solutions analysis in Tanzania to assess the extent to which local integration has been achieved in the country. The analysis will therefore focus on the old Burundi caseload, both those that have been naturalized and those in the process of naturalization, regardless of whether they have been issued with Tanzanian citizenship certificates. It will also identify strategies for advancing local integration key challenges and opportunities, as well as key actors to advance programming and/or monitoring of key solutions indicators. The framework analysis should serve as an evidence base to enable relevant stakeholders to work more effectively and consistently in promoting local integration for naturalized refugees in Tanzania.

Other recently published studies
ReDSS/ IRC study on early solutions planning for South Sudanese refugees in Kenya and Uganda: Focusing on the South Sudanese refugee caseload in Kenya and Uganda, this study sought to identify i) challenges and opportunities vis-à-vis early solutions planning, and ii) practical actions that can be taken to operationalize early solutions planning.

Capacity development
Trainings on Durable Solutions in Kenya, Somalia, Uganda and at regional level
In October and November 2016, ReDSS together with its partners conducted durable solutions trainings in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia, Uganda and at regional level. The objective of the 2 days training was to strengthen the capacity of humanitarian and development actors on how to address durable solutions for displacement affected communities. Click here to see the different modules.
Upcoming training
Somalia training will take place on 17th and 18th January 2017 at Pride Inn Lantana hotel in Nairobi. To register, send an email to Patience Kiara

Useful resources
  • On Somali refugee returns from Dadaab, Kenya
Refugees’ International, November 2016| Refugee returns from Kenya to Somalia: “This is about fear… not about choice”: The article warns that large-scale returns to Somalia are unlikely to be sustainable and calls on UNHCR to increase and extend post-return monitoring to gather detailed information about the conditions and needs of returnees and inform coordinated planning for reintegration programs.
Amnesty International report, November 2016| Nowhere Else To Go: Forced returns of Somali refugees from Dadaab refugee camp, Kenya: This report calls for the government of Kenya to immediately halt the return process and for UNHCR and the international community to stop facilitating it but rather support longer term sustainable solutions for Somali and other refugees in Kenya, including opportunities to integrate into host communities and significantly increased resettlement places to meaningfully share responsibility with Kenya
  • On refugee economies
Oxford University Refugee Studies Centre working paper, October 2016| Refugee economies in Kenya: Preliminary study in Nairobi and Kakuma camp: The paper looks at the types of livelihoods strategies employed by refugees living in Nairobi and Kakuma refugee camp and the potential factors that differentiate refugees’ economic lives from local host communities and amongst different refugee populations.
Oxford University Refugee Studies Center Research in Brief 5, October 2016| Informal versus Formal Infrastructure Energy and Water Systems in the Kakuma Refugee Camps, Kenya: study shows that the form of infrastructure available in a camp has implications for safety and sustainability, refugee livelihoods, and refugee-host relations. Interventions to improve resource provision and camp infrastructure must consider the various consequences for differently positioned actors.
Oxford University Refugee Studies Center| November 2016| Refugee Economies: Forced Displacement and Development – new book: This book, authored by Alexander Betts, Louise Bloom, Josiah Kaplan, and Naohiko Omata gives a systematic comparative analysis of the economic lives of refugees across urban areas, protracted refugee camps, and emergency refugee camps.
WFP Uganda report, October 2016| Economic Impact of Refugee Settlements in Uganda: study shows that humanitarian assistance for refugees creates significant economic benefits for the local economy, and these benefits are greater when the assistance is in the form of cash transfers and land for agricultural production.
  • On Internal displacement
IDMC/NRC report December 2016| Africa Report on Internal Displacement: launched with the support from the African Union and the Norwegian Refugee Council, the report focusing on Africa, expands on data and analysis available on Internal Displacement including new figures from the first half of 2016.
IDMC blog post December 2016| what does development-based displacement look like in Africa? Dr Romola Adeola explores the prevalence of development-based internal displacement as a root cause of internal displacement in Africa and why it has largely gone unnoticed in discussions on humanitarian protection by regional and international agencies.
Global Protection Cluster report November 2016| Regulatory Frameworks on Internal Displacement: Based on an overview of the global framework for IDPs’ protection and assistance, this study outlines lessons from national and regional processes such as the development and adoption of the African Union Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa, with a view to informing similar endeavors in the future.
  • Other useful resources
World Bank's role in responding to situations of Forced Displacement with a special focus on Somalia, November 2016: Click on links to view i.) the Presentation on the Global Flagship report on Forced Displacement, ii) the Presentation on the World Bank’s Proposed Analytic Work and Initial Investments iii) the initial report from the High Frequency Household survey.
UNHCR updates protection ‘toolkit’ for a world on the move, December 2016: UNHCR has updated its ‘tool kit’ for protecting vulnerable people on the move, in response to a sharp increase in global flows of both refugees and migrants. It provides an overhauled set of best practices for states, civil society organizations and other UN partners, taking into account larger and more complex flows of people in today’s world.
International Refugee Rights Initiative, December 2016| The politics of protection and the right to food in protracted refugee situations: this article offers a preliminary analysis of the politics of protection in two refugee camps: Osire Refugee Camp in Namibia and Nakivale Refugee Settlement in Uganda, with a particular focus on refugees’ right to food
Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations Framework: IOM’s dedicated page on their work on displacement resolution of situations framework centralizes any related documents. Additionally, the IOM Migration Newsdesk contains various articles that may be of interest.
  • Call for articles
Forced Migration Review issue 55 – Calls for articles: This issue of FMR, due out in June 2017 will cover the variety of shelter and settlement responses found, employed and created by, and created for, displaced people. It will look at the possibilities and limitations of community planning and design in responses to displacement and at examples of good practice, in order to improve understanding of and practice in offering shelter and settlement support for people displaced into whatever circumstances. Deadline for submission of articles: Monday 13th February 2017

Yours sincerely,
Aude Galli
ReDSS Coordinator
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