6th March, 2017
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Unlocking Protracted Displacement
Dear colleagues,
Greetings from the Regional Durable Solutions Secretariat (ReDSS).
In this bi-monthly update, you will find information about drought and displacement in Somalia and South Sudan, updates on ReDSS Solutions analyses and key policy processes in the region, and other useful resources published over the past two months.

Click on the link to see ReDSS updated infographic on displacement figures in the region and ReDSS 2017 key priorities.

Research and knowledge management
Pre-famine conditions, return, and displacement within and outside Somalia
Drought turning into famine means a massive displacement crisis in the making with influx of refugees and IDPs on the top of an already dire situation in Somalia. And contrary to 2011, Dadaab refugee camp will not be an option in 2017 for affected populations to seek refuge. Download here for ReDSS 1-pager with key facts and recommendations.
Data resources meeting for planning and coordination on displacement in Somalia- 27 February
ReDSS, in partnership with the World Bank and the office of the UN Resident Coordinator organized this meeting to bring together development and humanitarian actors to improve data and information management in Somalia to better inform collective displacement planning and programing. Click here for presentations, key outcomes, and other useful resources from the meeting.
Figures and patterns of displacement in South Sudan
The worsening food insecurity situation in South Sudan has left some 100,000 people facing starvation in parts of Unity State where famine has been declared. Furthermore, more than 1.5 million people have been forced to flee South Sudan since conflict erupted in December 2013. This makes South Sudan Africa’s largest refugee crisis and the world’s third largest after Syria and Afghanistan. Uganda is currently hosting 779,622 refugees with over 48,000 arrivals in the first half of February making it the largest refugee-hosting country in Africa. More than 62 per cent of the total refugee population are children. Uganda welcomed more refugees in 2016 than the total number of refugees and migrants crossing the Mediterranean into Europe. There are also 1.85 million IDPs in South Sudan.
Responsibility sharing and resettlement of refugees
There are currently over 21 million refugees worldwide, with 86% of this total hosted in low and middle income countries in Africa, Middle East and South Asia. Furthermore, less than 1 per cent of this total are ever resettled globally. Download here for ReDSS 1-pager with key facts and recommendations.
Update on ReDSS Solutions framework analyses in Somalia and Tanzania
Somalia-Benadir and Bay regions: ReDSS is finalizing its Solutions analyses for Benadir (Mogadishu) and Bay (Baidoa). As for Lower Juba process, these Area Based Solutions analyses will inform areas based action plans under the leadership of the DSRSG/HC/RC together with government, in support of the National Development Plan. The final reports will be shared in the next coming weeks.
Tanzania: in partnership with IRC and DRC, ReDSS is conducting a Solutions analysis in Tanzania to assess the extent to which local integration has been achieved in country. The analysis focuses on the old Burundi caseload, both those that have been naturalized and those in the process. The validation workshop will take place on March 10th in Dar-es-Salaam with key stakeholders to review preliminary findings and recommendations. Please contact Patience Kiara ( if you would like to attend it.
Capacity development
Durable solutions training for displacement affected communities in Somalia - 17/18 January: ReDSS, in partnership with the Somalia Protection Cluster and the Somalia NGO Consortium conducted a two days technical training to strengthen the capacity of humanitarian and development practitioners on durable solutions for displacement affected communities in Somalia. Click here for the training evaluation report and key outcomes. Further trainings are scheduled in Ethiopia, Kenya, Somalia and Uganda and a calendar will be shared shortly.
Policy processes
Technical Experts’ Meeting towards the IGAD Summit on Durable Solutions for Somali Refugees, March 7 and 8, 2017: to discuss the draft Summit Working Paper and define proposed commitments to be endorsed at the upcoming IGAD Heads of State Summit.
IGAD Heads of State Summit on Durable Solutions for Somali Refugees, March 25, 2017: will bring together IGAD member states, the international community and key stakeholders to chart a comprehensive regional approach to deliver durable solutions for Somali refugees, whilst maintaining protection in countries of asylum.
Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) process: ReDSS will put in place a CRRF working group to ensure coherence and consistent engagement at national and regional level.  The first call will take place on Monday 20 March at 4p.m EAT. To join the group or for more information please contact ReDSS Coordinator, Aude Galli (
ReDSS, terms of reference information management specialist: ReDSS is looking for a consultant to create a public dashboard to visually present its Solutions Framework analyses in various contexts. For more information on the terms of reference and application process, click on the link. The deadline for application is March 20, 2017. Please contact for any other inquiry
Samuel Hall, Migration and Displacement research team in Nairobi and Kabul: Samuel Hall is looking for experienced researchers to lead research projects in Africa, and globally. For more information on how to apply click this link. The deadline for application is April 1, 2017. Please contact for any other inquiry.
Useful resources
  • On refugee economies
World Bank Report January 2017I ‘Yes’ in my backyard: this report provides an analysis of the economic and social impact of refugees in Kakuma refugee camp on their Turkana hosts. The methodology developed enables readers to run policy scenarios in a rigorous manner and apply it in other refugee situations around the world.
World Bank Report January 2017I Impacts of Refugees on Host Communities in Turkana: the goal of this report was to measure the economic and social impact of the refugees on the Turkana community. The study finds that while the Turkana overall continue to show extremely low indicators of socio‐economic and physical‐emotional well‐being, there is a net positive impact on the local Turkana communities who engage with the refugees in Kakuma.
  • On urban solutions and programming
IRC report, January 2017I The right to the city for urban displaced in Tanzania: this report presents an analysis
of the challenges that displaced populations face 
in accessing services and achieving self-reliance in
IRC report, January 2017I A systematic review of the drivers of violence against displaced populations in urban crisis: this report highlights a systematic review of the current state of knowledge regarding the drivers of violence, the contributing factors of rights violations, and programming to address violence among displaced and host populations in crisis and post-crisis urban areas.
  • On Somali refugees returns, IDPs, famine and displacement 
RMMS article, February 2017I Famine’s final blow: Somali refugees trapped by climate: this article gives an in-depth analysis of all the challenges and dynamics currently facing Somali refugees.
IDMC Issue 9, February 2017I Internal displacement update: more than 135,000 people have been displaced by drought in Somalia between November 2016 and February 2017. This edition contains a special feature on affected areas such as Puntland, Somalia and Somaliland.
  • On resettlement
FMR Issue 54, February 2017I Resettlement: this issue reflects on the modalities and challenges of resettlement in order to shed light on debates surrounding the management and use of resettlement as a durable solution for refugees. 
ICVA Release, February 2017I Responsibility Sharing for Refugees: in light of the ban administered by the new US administration in February; this release highlights responsibility sharing as commitment made by states after the adoption of the New York Declaration. 
  • Other useful resources
ODI working paper, March 2017I Journeys on hold: around 5,000 Eritreans leave their country every month. This working paper sets out to better understand whether, by providing alternative options, it is possible for policy-makers to prevent or reduce irregular migration from countries- and regions-of-origin.

Yours Sincerely,
Aude Galli,
ReDSS Coordinator

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